(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The narrative of Colonel David Fanning, (a Tory in the Revolutionary War with Great Britain;) giving an account of his adventures in North Carolina, from 1775 to 1783, as written by himself"









I' ,.- ¥l 




flmifa. (^ vhuj. <& 




tlrvl 



Ul .uiMi.; 



TTttASURT ROT" 




George Washington Flowers 
Memorial Collection 

DUKE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 



ESTABLISHED BY THE 

FAMILY Or 

COLONEL FLOWERS 



i mwwvismMm^m *■■* Mi 



WMf 



r/^ 



^_ /Ml. 

- * ♦ 

etctte "' tv / ? ( arret __J 

trSVft/frtf'Mft'b VC/Scts ^f/>,ot± ,/K fry?,,,? r fr/trw </T<, 

ft^u Jlttvctfifu cJitrr~r/ec£>, » 



r 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2011 with funding from 
Duke University Libraries 



http://www.archive.org/details/narrativeofcolon02fann 



<^^t^C^L, <? 



At r A 




FANNING'S NARRATIVE. 



NORTH CAROLLNA. 



1775—1783. 



7 

(si/ft /% &^,/fo£**>~+^~ jf 




Jfsv. /S'^ *- 



I 






HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS 

RELATING TO TJIR 

©lb Xovtl) State. 

No. 1. 

•• Gather up the fragments that remain." 



8Tft3MU0OCI JA0IJIOT8IH 

SO copies 4to. 

Mate [Ifttffi 6m 

.1 . 



THE 



OF 

I 

<A TORY IX THE REVOLl"n<»XARY WAR WITH CREAT BRITAIN 
GIVING AN ACCOTJHT OF His 

From 177.5 to 1783, 

AS WRITTEN BY HIMSELF, 

WITH AN 

INTRODUCTION 
EXPLANATORY NOTES. 



Richmond Oct. 
1. 

IN THE FIRST VEAR OF THE iNDr.PF OTMtl .VCE OF THE 
CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA. 






OT A) 



rmw *a 






.83TOH -UAJSX3 



- 






I J R E FACE. 

HE narrative which i* dow tor the first time printed, 
&) supplies a vacancy which has always been felt by the 
historian of the revolution in the Southern States. 



$ 



History, song and tradition have each done something 
to perpetuate the recollection of the deeds of one whose 
name has i ime to US linked with all that is cruel and rapa- 
cious in a war of the (host fratricidal character, but no au- 
thentic detailed account of his life has np to the present 
time been made public, and but few of the particular 
his career during tin- war are generally known. 

All who have writtei of I 'avid Fanning, the tory. have 
Msigtied him a high rank in the annals of infamy, anil none 
who read his own nce'imt of himself and his •• - 
will hesitate to admit that be lias been 

" by merit r»i>e«t 
Tip Itint bad eniinoBce. " 

The frankness with which he narrates his adventures and 
speaks of the cold blooded murder of his neighbors and fel- 
low citizens, is only equalled by the self satisfaction which 
he exhibits at the oloee of his address to the reader, in 
nsing the words of the Psalmist as applicable to himself as 
the ''perfect " and the " upright man " 



-?7/ 



[vi] 

Besides what lie has written, the Ibrfctiriag account of 
him (principally traditionary) is that which is best authen- 
t icated, 

David Panning was born in Johnston couuty, N. C. about 
the year 1 7 •"> 1 . ■ • t obscure parentage. He was apprenticed 
to a Mr. Bryant, from whom, on account of harsh treatment, 
he ran away, when about sixteen or seventeen years of age. 
Bis miserable condition excited compassion, and secured for 
him a temporary home at the house of John 0. Deuiell, of 
the Haw fields in Orange county. 

He had the scald head, had lost nearly all his hair, and 
the scalp was so offensive that he never ate at the table 
with the tutnily or slept in a bed. In subsequent life he 
wore a silk cap, and his most intimate friends never saw 
his head uaked. 

In the COttYee of two or three years after his elopement 
from his master lie went to Houth Carolina, engaged in 
tralh'ekiug with the Catawba Indians, acquired property and 
settled on Haebitrn's creek a branch of Reedy river, in Lau- 
n ns district. On his return from a trading excursion at 
the beginning of the difficulties with the mother country, 
lie was met by a party of lawless fellows who called them- 
elv> > Whigs, and robbed by them of everything he had. 
Previously to this he had professed to be a Whig, but ex- 
asperated at the outrage perpetrated by these desperadoes 
b!e ehany;ed sides and fluking a series of years availed him- 
self of every opportunity to wreak his vengeance on his 
former friends. 



The defeat of the tories at King's mountain disheartened, 
them for any great efforts afterwards in North < 'arolina. and 
they never again assembled in any large numbers in that 
State. In 1782 Fanning went tn Charleston, S. C., and 
from thence to St Augustine in Florida. From thence at 
the close of the war. finding that all hopes oi his returning 
to his native State was removed by the action of the letis- 
latnre, which made an exception of him in their acts of am- 
ii<m\ . he went to New Brunswick, and Sabine says, "lie 
lived some years in Queen h county and was a member of 
the Hon- nihly. but in L799 removed to Nova Scotia, 

where be was a Colonel in the militia. He die. I at Digby, 
Nova Scotia, in 1825 

Caruthers has sifted and garnered the traditions of the 
times with remarkable fullness and discrimination, and in- 
terwoven record evidence bat recently die elucida- 
ting and confirming much thai was previ »usly obscure and 
doubtful. li< is sustained bj Fanning in every important 
statement hut one. Fanning was nol trained in the school 
of Me tilth, but received " blood v instrui from so 
ablei and more distinguished man, William Cunningham, 
the Captain of the '.' Blood) Scout," memoir 
of whom is a desideratum yet to be supplied by the 
South Carolina H ! *. before it is too late. 
Fanning stat. s in the opening of his narrative, that a 
the redm i • -ion, (.May IT*' 1 ) " mysell and 
one Willam Cunningham concluded to embody a part 
men. which we effected. We determined to take Ckd. Wil- 
liams of the; rebel militia prisoner, ami then to join Qaptein 



I viii ] 

Parish who was to raise a company and assist us." "Bloody 
Bill" and Captain Parish (Paris or Peares according to 
varying orthography) were fit companions for Fanning, 
Williams eluded them then, but only to fall soon after more 
gloriously with the shouts of victory sounding his requium 
on the well fought battle- field of King's mountain. 

The history of the "narrative" itself, of the importance 
attached to it, by those who had heard of or seen it, with 
the indefatigable efforts continued for a long period and at 
last crowned with success on the part of the gentleman, 
who with the indispensable untiring spirit of an antiquarian 
and historian allowed no difficulties to divert him from the 
pursuit, the reader will find in the introduction by Mr. 
Wheeler. Ouething seems remarkable, that although the ex- 
istence of this manuscript was known to persons interested, 
in the history of N. Carolina, yet it must have entirely es- 
caped the knowledge of Mr. Sabine, for although he says in 
the preface to his "Sketches of American Loyalists," that 
"I lived on the eastern portion of the United States, enjoy- 
ed free and constant intercourse with persons of Loyalist 
descent, have had the use of family papers and of rare docu- 
ments, have made journeys to confer with the living and pil- 
grimages to graveyards to complete the records of the dead," 
yet, he makes no mention of the existence of this narrative, 
and in addition to that which is above quoted has only to say 
for the biography of David Fanning that, "He was an of- 
ficer under the crown during the war, and at its close set- 
tled in New Brunswick." 

P>v th" date of his ad dress to the reader, it will he seen that 



[ix] 

the narrative was written in 1700. An examination and 
comparison of the index and text will give reason to believe 
that the orderof the narrative was first arranged in his mind. 
and the index made out as containing the most important 
events connected with this period of his life in the order in 
which the}' occurred and when the work was being executed 
he failed to find many of the documents which he had in- 
tended to embody in his account, among which were in- 
cluded the letters, proclamations, speeches and petitions, 
which are indicated in the index by an * but which cannot 
be found in the text. Those parts of the index might have 
been omitted, but deeming it proper to print the whole 
paper as it was made out by the author, I have preserved 
the whole arrangement of title, address to the reader, in- 
dex and text, just as he had it, not altering a single word or 
letter from the copy. A very few typographical errors of a 
single letter occur, but these are too apparent to be pointed 
out. 

This narrative gives many details of events which have 
escaped the historian, and records acts of heroism and in- 
stances of suffering on the part of those who in the Southern 
States offered up their all as a sacrifice to secure the inde- 
pendence of the American colonics, lint the patriot arid 
the philanthropist must always regret that the struggles 
of those who in the contest with Ureal Britain shed their 
blood on every Wattle field. I.ofh in their 6*ti secti-m and 
that of the North, for the freedom ot the whole country, was 
productive only of a change of masters with tlietn. r&f soon 
alter throwing off the yoke of Old England they were. 



through it«lr« lit management and cunning legislation, made 
to assume that of New England and ere the actors engaged 
in the first struggle had all passed from the stage of lite their 
children had to draw the sword to protect their homes and 
firesides from a foe who, having fattened upon their sub- 
stance and grown insolent by successes, attempted to impose 
on them burdens more odious than those which they refused 
to bear from that nation to whom they owed tlieir existeuce 
as a people. And these impositions on the part of the 
North have at last culminated in the final and irrevocable 
separation from them of those to whom they should have 
clung with more than maternal love. And alas ! their mad 
efforts to subdue those who now stand in the attitude of 
rebels towards them has brought about the re-enacting of 
scenes such as those disclosed by our veracious chronicler, 
and although we still have greatly the advantage in the 
battles fought up to this time, yet, Virginia invaded, Mary- 
land overpowered, and Kentucky divided against herself, 
have realized all the horrors of civil war as told by Fanning, 
with other scenes at the recital of which decency revolts, 
and before the perpetrators of them, even the tories of the 
first revolutionary war might "hide their diminished heads," 
while the faithful historian of this portion of our country's 
nanals will blush for his race when he records the deeds of 
those who calling themselves Union men cling to the old 
government as did the tories of Kauning's time, and in the 
name of loyalty rob and torture and lay waste the property 
of those who have dared to assert and endeavor to maintain 
their rights as freemen. 



(ft+V?w • Sw* fo if t ^ 















r 











CO 
















* = 






[xi] 

The present may Beem an inappropriate lime to attend 
to preserving the history of our former struggle tor inde- 
pendence, and it must be admitted thai while a country 
is engaged in a furious war with a Foe who unites to all the 
rancour of difference of race the rage of the pirate at the 
escape of his destined victims, it is hardly a fitting time to 
contribute to the historical literature of our country. Rut 
when we recollect that especially at such periods how Liable 
to loss and destruction are all manuscrpt records, a rea- 
son is at once given for consigning them to "the ait pre- 
servative of all aits,' to prevent their total loss. For this 
reason and witli the hope that this effort to contribute some- 
thing to the history of one of the States now forming a part 
of the new Confederacy is this pamphlet distributed. 

In making out the notes illustrative of the history of 
persons named in the text I have derived the greater 
portion of the imformation from Sabine's Loyalists, Los- 
sing's Field-book of the Revolution, and Gibbes' Historical 
Documents of S. Carolina. I am also indebted to Hon. L. 
D. Swain, ex-governor of N. Carolina, for many of the notes, 
which are printed entire as he wrote them, and for the sy- 
nopsis of the life of Fanning as given in the preface. 

T^H W. 

Richmond, Nov. 25th, 1861. 



INTRODUCTION 



BY JOHN H. WHEELER 



HE name of Fanning, whose narrative is herewith 
preserved, written hy himself is associated in tlie 
^$ revolutionary history of North Carolina, with deeds 
of desperate daring, rapine and cruelty. Since the 
history of North Carolina was published by me (1851) I have 
met with a letter from Genl Alexander Gray to Dr. A. Hen- 
derson dated Randolph county N. Ca. March 30th, 1847, 
which gives much information as to the adventures and 
exploits of Col'o Fanning. Rev'd E. W. Caruthers D. D. 
in a work entitled " the Revolutionary incidents and 
sketches of character, chiefly in the old North State," 
printed in Phila (Hayes & Zell 193 Market Street | in 
1854, has devoted more than one hundred and fifty pages 
of his very valuable work to the life and character of Fan- 
ning. 

In preparing matter for a second edition of my History 
of N C as I felt satisfied that the sketch of Fanning I had 
piesented of him und^r Chatham County (2d vol. 84 i wA* 



xiv ] 

not complete, and not satisfactory even to myself, without 

this narrative which I knew had heen written and which 

was in existence, I made some efforts to obtain a copy 

of it. But to effect this. .seemed almost hopeless. I had 

seen a copy of i~ SetrteV TroU 'FaWnrng, "to Rev'd Roger 

Veits, dated in 1822, in which he declared that he "would 

not let any one have it on any pretences whatsoever" — that 

he had refused five hundred dollars for it. I visited St. 

Johns in the British provinces of New Brunswick near 

which Fanning lived and died but was not successful in 

this object. 

9i 9/iianan seodw ,gflina*j'i 1o 9taan ^IH^J^ 

After Fanning's death (in 1825) his son, who, Dr. Cam- 
thers states, "was a ruling Elder in the church and an esti- 
mable man," did not seem to value so highly this important 
paper, which with other documents of his father came into 
his possession. He allowed Porter C. Bliss Esq, who was im- 
ployed by the Massachusetts Historical Society to collect 
authentic materials of the early history of our Nation, to 
luake a copy, which he did, as he informed me verbatim et 
litteratim — not correcting the many errors in orthography 
and grammar with which it abounds. 1 copied this myself 
carefully. When I first heard of this manuscript copy, it 
was in the hands of Hon. Geo. Bancrof t in New York. 
I wrote to Mr. Bancroft, with the approbation of Mr. Bliss, 
who at the time was engaged in a responsible position in 
the Indian Bureau of the Interior Department in Wash- 
ington City ami is now attached to the American Legation 
at Brazil. Mr. Bancroft immediately replied, testifying 



[XV J 

to the authenticity, ridelty aud value of the matinst rift :*■ 
and through Mr. Bliss' efforts it was forwarded to mc. My 
exertions to procure this paper had been stimulated by a 
letter to me, from Goy'r Swain, dated 16th apl ISfil, in 
which he says, "J have known of the existence of the Fan- 
ning manuscript for nearly thirty years ■ and have made 
repeated efforts, vnhieceteftUig, to obtain a copy. My 
last attempt was three or four years ago, through 1' 
Spar ks of Boston." 

When Judge Murphy a few years before his death was 
collecting materials for history, he made an effort through 
Hon Archibald McBride of Moore county (in Corn: 
from ISO** to 1813) to obtain a copy of Fanning'? narra- 
tive He could get nothing except the following letter, 
which has been published in the University Magazine, and 
also in Caruthers's work ; 

Dicifn 15//j May 18^ 
"Dear Sir 

The letters you sent me appears to be a request 
some gentleman in North Carolina, or elsewhere to get 
holt of my Journal, or the narrative of my servis, During 
the time of the American Rebellion. I am unrter tli 


•The follo«iii'.' note from Mr. Bancroft will testify Id the value be j »1 . > ■ 
tip narrative: 

Nkw York, Ayr. 
•My dear Mr. Whikiir, 

' have your? of April 19th. Having only had permission of Mr. Kliss to keep 
the ms. for a short season, I returned it almost immediately to Mr. Dear 
whom 1 received it. The journal mu6t be printed. 

Yours truly 

Cbo. Bancroft. 



[ * vi ] 

cessity of saying that I would not Let any man have it on 
any pretence whatsoever, Unless I was well informed of the 
use that was to he made of it. You can say to the Gen- 
tleman that I now have a narrative of the Transactions of 
that war, Both of North and South Caiolinas; and if any 
gentleman wishes to know from me of any particular 
transaction, or the Date, hy pointing it out to me, I may 
give the information of it, if it Dou't operate against my 
Coming back to look after my property. You may say, 
that my Journal contains more than one Quire of Fools 
Cap paper Closely wrote, and it would take a good pens 
man a month to write it over, fit to send to the world 
abroad. I was offered, by Charles Cook in England fifty 
pounds sterling for my Journal to have it published, and 
I Refused him. Colonel McDougal Desired me not to 
Insert in it, any thing of his Servessas; as he intended 
going back to North Carolina to Live, and he knows that I 
have a Narrative of all the Transactions. If he should 
want any thing of the kind from me, he should write to 
me himself. If any person wishes to prove any thing 
false, respecting the conduct of the Torys, let him point 
what it is, and I will endeavour to give him the truth. 
I am dear Sir Your obedient Servant 

David Fanning. 

P. S. I believe there is some more meaning in the let- 
ters than I understand ; the word Memorial of my life or a 
word to that effect, that I don't understand. I have hurt 
my ankil and knee, so I cannot come to see you. Ross said 
you wanted to answer them by post. 
To the Rev'd Roger Veitts. 

With every reader of the revolutionary history of North 
Carolina, so full of thrilling incidents and patriotism, I 
feel much gratification in rescuing from oblivion this nar- 




IMH^BHB 














BRIG 1 ! GEN ANTHONY WAYNE 










[ xvii ] 

rative of one, about whom so much and varied tradition, 
exists in our State ; and which from its minuteness in detail. 
and accuracy of dates, (which have been compared with relia- 
ble authorities,) may be depended upon, as a truthful record. 
Had the daring desperate temper of Fanning, been elevated 
by education, chastened by religious influences and directed 
in proper and patriotic channels, his name might have 
been associated with that of the Marion s and Waynes of 
the eventful epoch in which he was notorious. 

Jno. H. Whbblbr 
Murfreeaboro' Hertford Co S. <'. 
blh June 1861. 



.NARRATIVE 



OF 



COLD DAVID FANNING 

WR1TTKN II V III MS E J. r 

DETAILING ASTONISHING EVENTS 

IN NO. CA. 

F ROM 177.". TO 1783. 



T ..V.VT ,.\ 







TO THE READER. 



Courteois Hi: mm 

whoever thou art, the Author being only a 
Fanner bred, ami not conversant in learning, thou may's) 
think that the within Journal ia not authentic. But it 
may be depended upon on that every particular her<in 
mentioned i- s nothing but the truth ; Yea, [ can boldly as- 
sert that I have undergone much more than what is herein 
mentioned, 

Rebellion according to Scripture is. as the Sin of witch- 
craft ; and the propagators thereof, has more than once 
punished ; which is dreadfully exemplified this day in the 
now United States of America but formerly Provinces ; 
for since their Independence from Great Britain, they have 
been awfully ami visibly punished by the fruits of the earth 
being cut off; ami civil distention every day prevailing 
among them ; their tail- trade, ami commerce almost totally 
ruined; and nothing prospering so much as nefarious and 
rebelious Smugling. Whatever imperfections is in the 
within, its hoped will he kindly overlooked by the cour- 
teous Reader, and attributed to the Author's want of 
learning. 



[ xxii J 

I d.i not set forth any tiling as a matter of amusement, 
but what is really, justly fact, that my transactions and 
scenes of life have been as herein narrated during the term 
of the Rebellion ; and that conduct, resolution, and courage 
perform wonderous things beyond credibility, the following 
of which laudable deeds will give them, are exercized there- 
in the Experience that I have gained. 

In the l'Jth year of ray age, 1 cute ed into the War ; ami 
proceeded from one step to another, as is herein mentioned, 
and at the conclusion thereof, was for :ed to leave the place 
of my nativity for my adherence to the British Constitu- 
tion ; and after my .-ore fatigues, I arrived at St John River > 
and there with the blessing of God, I have hitherto en- 
joyed the sweets of peace, and freedom under the benevolent 
auspices of the British Government — which every loyal 
and tMi>- subject may enjoy with me, is the wish of the 
Author. 
Kiitij's loiutty David Fanning 

Long Beach 
New Brunswick 
June 24th 1790. 



rSALM 37 & 37. 
" Mark the perfect innn, and behold the upright ! for the end of that man is 
peace." 



. 






I N D E X 



The Narrative of David I'm 

Robinson I nmand 

Tin 1 first time in\ being taken 
My gi i Indians 

John 'I'm I. in Ivist Florida 
Oolo. Mills taken 
Gilliam took me 
Mi a onn Is . . 

with the rebel Colo. Will 
Tin- redaction of Charli 
' ii nt in South Carolina 

\\ mi to Deep River, North 

Ci] ! . lit 

A skirmish w iih Duck 
Seined Lord Conwallis 

iinii.-h « ith ( Japt. John Binds 
Tin- Three Skim 

She Skirmish with Collier, and Ballon 
Mi appointment from J. II I 
I mmission, I 

The names of the different i Ifl 
Chatham taken 
Tin R 
Thr oath i" the I 

. 
Obpy nt' a parole 

e'l letter 

■ i wounded 

iient uitli Wade 
>!• I »ou| i i in 'I. Nieal jmn me 
N ... 

Hillsborough taken, Gror. taken pi 
ruin UcNeal killed, and myself wounded 
Skirmish n ith 01 



1 
3 
S 
4 
E 
7 
B 
11 

u 

12 

I 

Ifl 

U 

US 

)t 

1C 

ll 

17 

I 

2«l 

2!> 

i 
32 

34 

86 



[ xxiv ] 



J. H. Craigg's letter .... 

Colo. Bdmnmd Farming's letter 
Capt. John Leggetts' letters . . , 

Colo. MeDougal's list of Officers 

Colo. MrXcal's do do . . 

The Volunteers from Wilmington 
Different skirmishes with Rutherford's Men 
Eebel proclamation, .... 

k Col. Isaacs from the uiountains 
Skirmishes with the Rebels 
Golstous's House burnt ami two Rebels killed 
Terms required by me of the Rebels 

Williams answer 

Ramsey's Letters 

Williams, Burns, & Clarke's letter 

Capt. Linley murdered, and two men hanged fo 

Col. Alstou came to me 

My articles presented again 

General Butler's letter 

Walker, and Currie's skirmishes with the Rebels 

Balfour killed 

Bryan killed 

Rebel Commisary hanged 

Capt. Williams from Gov'r to me 

Griffith's letter 

Eosur and Goldston's letters 

Capt Dugin's and Guins letter 

The answer from the Assemblay 

Myself married, & Capt. Hooker killed 

The forged letters 

My answer in Major Rains name 

My riding Mare taken 

Hunter and Williams letter 

My arrival in Charleston 

The names of the gentlemen Committee in Charleston 

* Rebel proclamation 
Embarked for Hast Florida 

* Mayor Devoice's Articles 
A certificate of my Services signed by officers in East i 
An estimate of my property 

* Kings Speech 

* My speech to the Inhabitants 

* Myself and others set our for East Florida 



lorida 



38 
39 
39 
39 
39 
39 
41 
41 
42 
43 
43 
44 
45 
46 
48 
48 
48 
49 
51 
52 
53 
54 
54 
55 
55 
56 
57 
58 
59 
GO 
61 
62 
63 
64 
G5 

66 

67 
68 



[ XXV ] 



irrival at New Providence 
Col. Hamilton's letter 
Mv Memorial to the Commissioner* 

Colo. McKaj - letters 
Commissioner, certifi. 
Memorial for half pa; to Sir George Young 

• Mv letter to George Randal 
The Rehel Act of or-livion 

• Rel>el Petition 

• Mr. Branson's letters 

• William Teague's letter 



71 



73 



Thr snhjerU nuneri In the«e are not to be found In the ten. 



' 




'/"•/;/<■//< - /-<•>• A '/,/,/ f ■//,/',////•'• 












■;•*: ; v. -ft 

v-.j. •.••.•■ — .' 








A JOURNAL OF 

COL. DAVID FANNING'S TRANSACTIONS, 

i > ' i : i x ( ; the late wail i\ amerii \ from the ve'ab it::., com- 
mencing 'ST OF m VY: I'XTIL THE PEACE 




OU THOMAS PLBACHALL of I'air- 
red tin- differed GaJptaittfi tb' 

8, and present two 
tor the inhabitant- fa -r_'n. One 
to trie who "as friends to the King ami 
( Jnvi rmnent : and the other VI - 
who would join the Rebellion. 
The Mist .lay of May, (apt. .lames Lindley of Rahern's 
0rebUj sent bi »n1 oAthe said company 1 ; 

.mpany warned to mbet at Ins boose loth of 
said month. 1 did accordingly, and 1 I two pa] 

there was lis men signbd i" favbnir of the King, also (Is- 
olated to defend the same, at the risk of live- and property, 
in Jnh 1 77.".. There «m< several advertisements Betttpin 
every ].:u t of said district, that their was a very 

ptaspetefctring mioeater to ball at the Different places, to 

h. and Baptise children. 
Bat at the time appointed, instead ol Beating a Minister, 
we all went fa meet, two Jews by name of Nilvedooi and 
Rapely : and after making many speeches in favour of the 
Rebellion, and used all their endeavois to delude the 
p0Oplt away, at last pVedewted Revolution papers to see who 



[ 2 ] " — 

would sign them ; they were severely repremanded by 
Henry O'neal- and many others. It came so high., that 
they had much adue to get off, with their lives. The 
Rebels then found that we were fully determined to oppose 
them. They began to embody in the last of said month ; 
to compel all to join them, or to take away our arms. Our 
officers got word of their intentions. I then got orders 
from the Captain to warn the Militia to assemble them- 
selves at Hugh O'neal's mill ; which was done by several 
Captain's com'pahys, aha continued for several days under 
arms ; and then both parties was determined on this condi- 
tion, that neither parties should intercept each other. 
This continued for some time, until the Rebels had taken 
Thomas Brown, 3 who after that had the honor to be Colonel 
of the Regiment of the East Florida Rangers, at Augusta. 
They burnt his feet, tarred, feathered and cut off bis hair. 
After that he got so he was able to set on horseback, he 
came to our poast, and the Rebels then began to embody 
again. Coin Fletchall found a large camp, and marched 
from the Liberty Springs to Mill Creek on our way towards 
Ninety-Six ; Twelve miles from Ninety-Six the Rebels 
found they were not strong enough for us, and sent an 
Express to Col'n Fletchall to come and treat with them, 
which said Fletchall did. But the terms of their treat- 
ment I did not know. We were all dismissed until further 
orders. In a short time after the Rebels took Capt. Robert 
Cunningham 4 and carried liim off to Charlestown. Our 
party was then informed of his being taken oft' in the night 
time, and by making inquiry after him, we got information 
of a large quantity of Ammonition, that was there, on its 
way to the Cherechee Nation for Capt. Richard Paris to 
bring the Indians down into the settlement, where the 
friends of the Government lived, to murder all they coud. 
We intercepted the aitmnition and took < 'apt'n R. Paris, 



If— ~ 









-J 




[«3 

who swore to those (acts. We there formed a large camp. 
and Col. Fletcliall being so heavy, he gave up the command 
to Muj. Joseph Robinson. 

In the mouth of Hov'r J 77.".. the South Carolina Militia, 
of which I was at that time Sergeant, under the command 
ot .Major Joseph Robinson, laid Beige to a Port, erected by 

the Rebels at X inet y-Six ; commanded by Col. Mmmhi . 
which continued for the space ef three days, and tl 
nights — at the expiration of which time the Rebels were 
forced to surrender, and give up the 1'ort and Artillcrv. 
Major Robinson then ordered the Militia to the North side 
of Saluda River, and discharged them, for eighteen day* 
Afterwards orders were issued for every Captain to collect 
their respective companies at Hendricks Mill, about I'd 
miles from Xinoty-Six ; The Rebels having received intel- 
ligence of our intended motion, (hey immediately marched 
before us ; and took possession of tin -round, which 
vented our assembling there. Rut about :;tiu of out Men 
mi I at Little River and marched from thence t . i; 
River; and encamped at the l'>ig Cane Break, for several 
days. The Rebels being informed of our situation, man 

unexpectedly up on us. and made prisoners of 130 of men : 
the remainder fled into the woods and continued ti 
with the Cherlchee Indians until the 18th Jan'j 1 7 7 ' '• : 
when 1 was made a prisoner by a party of Rebels ■ 
nianded by a Captain John Hums : who after detaining me 
four days, repeatedly urging me to take the oath of alle- 
giance to the United State-, stript me of every thing, and 
made ne ecurity, for tm future good behaviour, by 

which means 1 go! (dear: On the 10th of May 1 7 7 • "■ hearing 
the Rebels had isBOed a proclamation to all the friends of 

government, offering them pardon and protection, provided 
they would return to their respective habitations and 



[4] 

main neutral, this induced me for to return to my home, 
where I arrived mi the l.">th of Juno. 

On tlie 20th, the Rebels being apprehensive of Hie Cher- 
ichee Indians breaking out, despatched several emissaries 

among the Loyalists, for to discover their intentions. One 
of which was (Japt. Kitchic, who rune lo me. and told mo 
he was a friend to (lovernment, and sometime before 
left the Indian Nation, and then wanted a pilot to eon- 
duet him to the Indian Nation again. 1 agreed to conduit 
him to any paiit of the country he wanted foar to go to, pro- 
vided lie would keep it secret. This he promised for to do. 
But immediately he went and lodged information against 
me. and swore that 1 then had a company of men. ready 
in order) for to join the Indians. In consequence of this, 1 
was made prisoner again, on the 'J . j 1 1 1 . by a ( 'apt. John 
Rogerd, and thrown into close coiilinement with three cen- 
tinels over met. Qn tjae 1st of July, the Indians came 
down into the back count ry of South Carolina, and killed 
ial families: at which time, the rebel camp being in 
great CO illusion, 1 made my escape, and went to my own house 
at llabirn's creek ; but finding a number pf my friends had 
already gone to the Indians, and more disposed so for to do, 1 
got twenty-live men to join me: and on our arrival at l'ar- 
ishies plantation. &fl Uccdy Uiver, in the Indian land, we 
formed a junction with the Indians, on tint li'ith inst.,in the 
evening; the militia and the Cheriokces t,i amount of 2G0 
surrounded the fort built with logs, containing 450 of the 
Rebels. After a smart lire on both sides for two hours ami a 
half, we retreated without any injury except one of the In- 
dian Chiefs being shot through the baud. 1 then left the 
Indians and persued my way to North Carolina; where, 
on my arrival, 1 was taken up again, and close confined; 
but was rescued by my friends, tin ce dill'ereut times. Af- 
ter which 1 made in y escape good. I then endeavored for 



ft '_"-' W6%W a-ain : and after experiencinc nnirjherles« hard- 
ships in the w K. I arrived the 10th of March, 1TT7. at 

Rebtin's creek, South Carolina. 

I was made prisoner again on the 11th. by a (apt. Smith, 
hound hand an*d foot, and ttimBd under gnardj towards 
Xinety-six gk>«l irchfog twelve miles, the company 

halted for the evenincr. Htid watching an opportunity, 1 cat 
the ropes 1 was hound with, ami stript myself when fcl 
^v.is asleep, I threw myself ,, n t of the window and returned 
Wk t" ll.d.ui -n's ,to k. by i different way, from that which 
they had carried m<> prisoner. I was obliged now for I 

cret myself in the w U. an i was supplied with 

hv 'Miiio i Milkers, and other I, >j alistg, it then lighbonr 

A company ol loyalists, of which 1 

d bt B Iiieh.'ird Parish, and it was detenu- 
Mohile. ami join the British army. oany 

prflvlttg" 

raised a body ol' troops for tu supj me, 

with five more prisoners, and ca:ried U8 to Nill 

mi the 5th August, 1777. Captain P with 

some loyalists, belong : ,; "iy. an his 

way good to the British arm\ at Mobile, in West Florida. 
Myself, with live taken, remain i in 

confinement, until November folio 

for our lives. ,,n a e'l.r ge , ,• High i i j u arms 

against the I uited 

and went home, The fee* ;r my confinei 

amounted to £306, Virginia money, allowing doll 

shillings each, which 1 paid, and was 1 hack to 

the goal for the rent of the room. 

<>n the 1st ol March. >pt. John Tork, 

Florida, received orders from the COmmander-in-chie) 
the Loyal Militia, o ad South Carolin 

semhle themselv.- | ■ordinal v, they >\ 



[6] 

The majority of the people chose me their commanding 
officer, we too); a number of prisoners, furnished ourselves 
with horses, and marched to Savannah liver on the borders 
pf Georgia,, (two miles above Augusta). ('apt. Tork, who 
was our pilot, then go/ discouraged, and would not suffer 
any of the milt ia to proceed with him back to East Florida 
. three men ; we were then under tne necessity of re- 
turning 1 i>\ upwards of one hundred miles, through the 

rebel country ; and be take ourselves to the woods as for- 
merly. During pur retreat, w,e were persued by three hun- 
dred rebels; but we got back home to Ileburn's creek safe. 
When the licbels found we were returned, they raised a 
body of men for to take us ; and for the space of three 
months kept so constant a look out that we were obliged for 
to stay in the woods ; six weeks of which time I never saw 
a man, except Samuel Brown (who was afterwards killed 
at Tiger river), that shared my sufferings ; we lived en- 
tirely without either bread or salt, upon what we killed in 
the wilderness. We determined, let the consequences be 
what they would, to proceed to the .settlement of Green 
river, North Carolina, where we rested ourselves at a 
friend's house, about a week. Here we parted. I then pro- 
'■■ d to Tiger river, where 1 arrived safe on the 1st of 
dune. 177 s . Myself, and Samuel Smith, now associated, 
and were taken by a company of rebels commanded by a 
Capt. fioiry. We made our escape the second night, by 
bribing the sentinel, and parted company. I met with 
One of the horses belonging to the rebels, about a mile 
lioin the house I had c>i.,ped from , and mounted him. 
They persued me through the woods by the horse's tracks, 
upwards of seventy miles, and came to lieburn's Creek, 
where 1 lived. They were anxious to recover their horse 
from tne, ami promised for to return one of the four they 
had taken from nn. it I would deliver up the said horse. 



[7] 

This being agreed upon, I went with them for to it 
my own liorse back : when we had advanced 30 mih - 
came near to where a rebel fort was ; 1 desired tbera to go, 
a little out of the way, and avoid it. which thi pro- 

mised to do before we proceeded ov our journey. 
them laid hold of my i bridle, and told me to sur- 

render myself a prisoner, for they were determined to 
fine me in the Fort, or carry me 

80 miles off. They said J was not in that damned tory 
country at that time. 1. therefore-,' after Bdme conversation, 
concluded to submit for to be disarmed at the time, as they 
threatened Wowing a ball through me every instant, it I 
did not surrender; which I did. On B i at tie' i 

I was stript "t my clothes, and oonfined olose till morning, 
when they tied my legs Ui II y, and 

before a magistrate to commit i Howca 

admitted bo bail for m\ good li'diavi. >nr . On my return to 
the people, who tool my : nd a-^kii ig 

them, I was retaken i» fore another mag 
mitted to goaly under a strong guard. On niy proceeding 
towards the goal, the guard was particularly careful about 
beouring me : and in order for to do it. the mi tally 

tied me with a rope, to B stoat fellow who waa iem. 

When 1 found him asleep. 1 took tl B opportunitj to cut 
myselt loose with a knife (of rather with a pah 
Ihaniesi whieli was accidentia left lying in the road, and 
throwing mysi It out of the window made my escape, and 
took to the mountains for shelter. I continued then . for 
some time, when Col. -Mills of the Loyal Militia on k' 
inrg where I was. proposed at several meetings, we bfl 
raiRe a company ; which we did. ofl BOO men. for the pur- 
pose of £r o i 1 1 l: to 8t. Augostine. Ooe of the coin] 
proved faithless, and gave information to the who 

immediately embodied iheahselveo; and ■! Mills 






[8] 

prisoner, with If, of the company, and carried them off to 
Salisbury .fail. Myself with 14 rsore persued about 20 
miles with an intention of rescuing tliem. until we were in 
sight of Gilbert Town : where (lie R-bols had a guard : ami 
finding we could not dire) our purpose at tlial time, our 
numbers being so small, and theirs increasing, we returned 
back. The Rebels persued us all night, and in the morn- 
ing, we perceived them within shot oi us : we tiled upon 
them, which they returned : and continued skirmishing 
with them in the woods about an hour: when they re- 
treated. What injury we did them we could not tell ; on 
our part we suffered no loss. Here cur party separated. I 
made way tor Holsten River about 140 miles through the 
woods— I had proceeded about 40 miles on my way. when I 
was met by three men ; one of which knew me. He came 
to me. with seeming friendship, and on taking my hand, 
ealled his companions to assist him in securing me ; which 
they did ; and made me a prisoner. They tied my hands 
behind my back, and feet to each other under the horses 
belly and took me to Ninety-Six Jail again, where 1 was 
closely confined for 17 days During my confinement I got 
acquainted with a friend to the government, who lived 
there, by talking to him through the grates ; He furnished 
me with two files and a knife, by which means I cut through 
the iron bai'F and escaped. 1 returned again to Rcburn's 
Creek and after remaining some time in the woods there, I 
was advised by friends for to make pea-ce with (,'apt. Gillian, 
who commanded a company of Rebels on the Indian lines. 
He I durst, not be seen by any one of the Rebel party. 1 
got one of my friends to go to him, and desire him to meet 
me alone, at a particular place, and give him my word I 
would not, injure him. We met accordingly, and passed 
our words not for to disturb or injure each other. We con- 
tinued our meetings, in the woods, generally, everv day . 



I to 

or tw», for tlie space of a month ; uutil wt were di&co\ 
by some of his company ; who threatened for to have him 
punished tor treating with me; however he still met me, 
now and then, and introduced, a friend of li is, to me, who 
he told me, I might depend upon. One day, I observed au 
alteration iu their behaviours, and asked them when at 
Burnt distance, if he meant tor to keep his word with me, 
lie replied "by ail means.'' We were all on horseback, 
and 1 had ruy title across my saddle. Whcu we were go- 
ing to part, as 1 expected, lie sitddeuly seized my rifle ; and 
the man win. was with him seized hold of my horse's bridle, 
he presented his rille t,o my 1. least and t i was his 

pri-i 'Her, or a dead man. I wa> under the necessity to sur- 
render, and they carried me again to my old quarters at 
Ninety-Six, where we ariived on the lltli of Uct r 
1 was stripped entirely naked, thrown into irons aud 
chained to tlie ll< »>i. I r< mained io that situation until the 
20th ui f following, when I again made shit' 

i nn in ■n- oil, and hu\ ing sawi 
some time before. 1 again I • How 

net. who supplied me with some old clothes, of which 
1 made a rope to let me down ; 1 received a fall in getting 
dow n, but lucki!\ li-1 n^t h^jrt mjeejf. 1 lor heard 

me fall, aud ptesenti-d :i musket at me. out of a window : 
but 1 avoided him. lie alarmed the guard and they per- 
sued me: hntliouevei 1 i: 'ind myself much 

hurt by a fall 1 got iu theii me. 1 got back to 

llel'iim |a Creek j but was taken in three days, aud ;■_ 
iutroducd at Ninety- Six, 1 was chained and ironed as 
before, in tie >rty-live 

from the ground, the mio\v beating in, through the roof, 
with 4 grates qpeu Bight and day. I remained in this state 
eleven days ; 1 got my chains off in the night ol the 12th ; 
Th>> (ioaler did not chain me down again, but 1 had still 



[10] 

part of them remaining ou one of my legs, which weighed^ 
seven pounds and three quarters. I continued loose in 
Goal until the 13th of Fehruary 17T9, when I took a bar 
out of the window, in the night, and prised one of the 
planks out of the floor of the Room, and from thence went 
down stairs ; I found t lie doer fast, secured ; but I went to 
a breach, I had formerly made in the back of the chimney, 
and got out. One of my fellow prisoners escaped with me, 
and we kept together for some time after. We found a 
number of Horses grazing in a field belonging to a com- 
pany of Rebels, under the command of Capt. Fair ; who 
that bight come into Town. We mounted each of us, and 
rode off to Reburn's Creek. On our way, we stopped at a 
house, and furnished ourselves with a Rifle and a pair of 
pistols; we also supplied ourselves witli clothing. By this 
time, the neighbourhood was alarmed, and the rebel militia 
sent in persuit of us. They laid several ambuscades, but 
without effect, and continued embodied, for six mouths. 
I was so fortunate as for to escape ; but my companion was 
taken. The day after, he was taken, I was riding through 
a piece of timbered woods, when I discovered a party of 
men — the)' discovered me, and persued on full speed for 
seven miles ; but I was lucky enough to escape them ; but 
my Horse falling, threw me, and I unfortunately lost my 
rifle. An advertizemeut was, then, made public, for ap- 
prehending me ; and a reward of Seventy silver dollars, 
and Three Hundred paper ones, was offered to take me. 
This made me very cautious, notwithstanding which I was 
betrayed, and fired upon by a party of Rebels, in number, 
sixteen ; I received two bullets in my back; one of which 
is not extracted. \ luckily kept my seat in the saddle, and 
rode off. After proceeding 12 miles I turned my horse into 
the woods, and remained there eight days ; having no sup- 
port but herbs, except three egijs : my wounds, at this time 



[11] 

being troublesome and offeneive, tor the want of dressing, 
I got my Horse again, and moved about 12 miles to a 
friend's house ; where on my arrival, I made a signal, 
■which they knew, to acquaint them, of my being alive — a 
young girl of fourteen years old, came to me ; but when 
she came near enough to see me, she was frightened so at 
the sight, she run off. 1 penned after her ou horseback, 
telling her who 1 wag j *he said she new it was me. but I 
was dead : that I «;is. then, a spirit and stunk yet. I was 
a long time before I could get her to come to me, I looked 
so much like a rack of nothing hut skin and bones, and 
my wounds had ii"t teen dressed, and my clothes all 
bloody. My misery and situation was beyond explanation, 
and no friend in the world that I could depend upon ; How- 
ever, these people seeing dm in that distrest situation, to*'k 
the greatest care of me, and dresst my wounds. My horse 
having been seen by sonic of the Rebel party, they con- 
cluded I was not killed ; and wrote several letters which 
they gave one of my friends, offering to treat with me ; and 
ad\ ising me to surrender ; threatening at the same time, in 
case I did not, to banish eight families of my friends out of 
South Carolina. A limited time was given for pay answer, 
but it had expired,' before that I 1 the letters; in 

consequence of which, their threats were put in execution ; 
and the penple's properties was taken from them, ami they 
confined, (in the reoeipi of my letter, the people were 
liberated, but their properties were still detained. 

The second day. alter. I treated with the Colonel of the 
Rebel Militia, and bad en express teal off to Qov. Rutledge 
at Charlestown, about a we<-k after his answer came back 
with a conditional pardon for that which I had done, 
should he forgotton, and that 1 should live quietly and 
peacefully at home ; aud he obliged to pilot parties through 
the woods as occation might require. 



Before I excepted of these conditions, I advised with my 
friends, and company, who all approved oi' it, a6 it conduc- 
ed both to their ease, and safety. 

I remained at home a year and twelve days, and was re- 
peatedly urged for to except of B company in the Continen- 
tal service, which I always refused. 

After the reduction of Charlestown, myself and onfe 
William Cuninghaiu, concluded for to embody a party of 
men, which we affected. 

We determined for to take ( Vl'n Williams, of the Re- 
bel Militia, prisoner, and then to join ('apt. Parish, who 
was to raise a company and assist us Col'ii Williams 
got notice of it, and pushed off; and though we got sight 
of him, he escaped us. 

We now found ourselves growing strong, and numbers 
flocking daily to us. 

I then took the King's proclamations and distributed 
them through the country, for upwards of a hundred miles. 

f'apt. Parish hail command of the party, and marched 
up to Ninety-six, which he took command of, without fir- 
ing a shot, where I found him again. The day after, we 
marched about 12 miles, to (Jen. Williamson's at White 
hall ; who commanded a fort with 14 swivels, and two 
companies of provincial troops. On our approach, he met 
us, ahout three miles of the Fort, attended by several offi- 
cers, requesting he mi^ht discharge the troops, and have 
protection for himself and them. 

We granted him what he requested : and took possession 
of the Fort, and their arms, which they piled up ; after 
thai they marched o'nt of the garrison. 

Three days after that, Col ._ Pick ins, with 300 men, 
marched out and laid down their arms. 

General Robert Cunningham, of the Loyal Militia, now 
took the command ; and formed a camp. 




, rj&'Y/f***. 



*Us^L<7 




Em^Mrd by JIB Lcrjit" (ram »Pof.6 n t •-. 



<3&4£&:~. 



-T^sf 






[ IB] 

We kept seouting parties, through the country, and had 
many skirmishes : hut Done of consequence. 

After the British Amerieao tad taken possession 

of Ninety-six, I continued scooting on the Indian lit 
until Col. Id nis forwarded his march up to Biusgrovi Mill, 
on the Innoree River, I then joined them with a part; 
fourteen men. 

The following morning the picketts wore attacked by a 
party cd Rebels l 1. Innis ordered us to advance and 
support them, which we did, and followed them until we 
arrived where the main body lay. under Col. Williams. 
Col. Innis was unfortunately wounded, with several other 
officers. 

We engaged them for sometime, and then retreated about 
a mile and a quarter; where we encamped and in the 
night, marched off towards Ninety-six, under command 6f 
Capt, Ikmister. 7 

The next morning 1. and my small party returned back to 
the Indian lines. Wecontinued scouting on the lines, for 
losoetune, until 1 met with » lapt Parish, of the British Amer- 
ican South Carolina Regiment, who gave me a list of some 
soldiers, that he had permission for to visit their friends in the 
country, on the return from Florida to Ninety-six, I 
desired by him for to i_ r " i" give them Dotioe for t" join 
their regiments. On this expedition, 1 fell in with Major 
Forgessons 1 party, which was defeated, five days afterwards 
The Rebels after that, began to ]><■ numerous and trouble- 
some; and little or do regulation am -. I made the 
beat of my wayto Deep Rivi . NortVi « arolina. where I 
maint-d until the month of February, l~sl. 

1 was, during this time, discovering the dispMitkn 
the people; being informed that Lord Cornwallts was 
tdar thing that way. 1 kept my intentioi until I 

received certain accounts. I tie i I this a 



[1-4] 

ment to be published, and used all my influence tb get all the 
Loyalists to join me, ami defend ourselves wbeii'eceasioo 

might require. A line copy "1' which is here set forth . 

"ADVERTISEMENT'. 
If any of his Majesty's loyal and faithful subjects, able 
and willing to serve in the Royal North Carolina Regiment 

commanded by Col. Hamilton, arc hereby requested to, re- 
pair to his encampment. The Bounty allowed tor each 
man, i.s three Guineas : and the terms of the engagement 
are. that ho -shall serve during the Rebellion, and within 

the Provinces of >,\>rth and South Carolina, and Virginia 
only : that during his service he shall be entitled to ( 'bit b- 
ing, Pay, Provisions-, and all the advantages of his Majes- 
ty's Regular, and Provincial Troops ■ and at the end of 
the Rebellion, when he becomes discharged, of course, he 
is to receive as a reward for his services during tie war, a 
free grant of Land agreeable to his Majesty's proclama- 
tion." 

Of his 11 persuing Gen. Greene, as far as Hillsboro, this 
struck such a terror on the Rebels, and was so pleasing to us, 
that we immediately disarmed the, disaffected and embodied 
about 300 men under the command ol f'ol. Pyles. He fell 
in with a party of Rebels ( Col. Lee' s dragoons) and lofet 
2<0 men killed, besides the wounded, that died afterwards. 
At this time I was with a small party at Deep River, where 
I took two Rebel olHeers, prisoners and several soldiers. I 
then directed my march where I left Col. Pyles and came 
within a little distance of the Dragoons, that had cut him 
up. when I was informed of his misfortune by some of his 
party that had fled ; we then separated into small parties 
and took to the woods for sometime. 

The day Lord Corn wall is defeated Gen. Greene at Guild- 
ford, 1 " T was surprized by a Captain Duck, with a company 









'&£e. 




CEK LORD CORNWALLIS 



[yCr? h a'-j / {^d 



r k ] 

of Rebels, when I j nil bUtl II' 'V v-, ami 

amis : ne inuu 

The day leih'U juu- in 
panv, t'u: : ihe Rfi- 

bcls. wi: 

with their plum; i . - ami 

found tl. 

the Government ; an 

an "lit 1 1 < ■ 1 1 - . ! . ride 1 him in I 

with hm k - ,, U1 -. 

s?lves, ami turnin 

turned l] i i u the 

\\'M.,ls ami collected 25 ii! ;iimallv 

until «<■ } • i • ■ ;,,, r ,i 

Coi nwallis was ,iiir arrival tbel 

Lordship met us. ant] 

iog the situation < peo- 

ple, bim all 1 lie i 

in- the company with his Lor J ship, I returned back to 
Deeji rivr in i to the p: 

tieii et' the British tu 

Two day.- lollop ,| lu . I pi .ntiiiam 

the 

my company again ami 

' lined 

1 ii in to : . Ins 

way iu 1 ' ■- 

sMp »e ie liivei . . 

.Mills en in- :art ]] 

partic- .". ; 

the Deep l])\ riXk { 

tirdea, an i i 

aasd by them i n BQtoe lit: ..t a 1 i 1 1 K- while 



[16] 

some oi us had assembled at a friends house, where we 
were surrounded by a party of 14 Rebels under the com- 
mand of Capt. John Hinds ; we perceived their approach 
and prepared for to receive them ; when they had got quite 
near us, we run out of the doors of the house, fired upon 
them, and killed one of them ; on which we took three <jf 
their horses, and some firelocks — we then took to the woods 
and unfortunately had two of our little company taken, 
one of which the Rebels shut in cold blood, and the other 
they hung on the spot where we had killed the man 
a few days before — We were exasperated at this, that we de- 
termined to have satisfaction^ and in a few days I collected 
17 men well armed, and formed an ambuscade on Deep 
River at Coxe's Mills, and sent out spies. In the course of 
two hours, one of my spies gave me information of a party 
of Rebels plundering his house, which was about three 
miles off. I instantly marched to the place and discovered 
them in a field near t lie house. I attacked them immedi- 
ately, and kept up a smart fire for half an hour, during 
which time, we killed their Captain, and one private, bta 
the spot — wounded three of them, and took two prisoners 
besides eight of their horses well appointed, and several 
sword/. This happened on the 11th of May, 1781. The 
same day, we persned another party of Rebels, and came 
up with them the morning following ; we attacked them 
smartly aad killed 4 of them on the spot wounded !! 
dangerously and took one prisoner with all their horses, 
and appointments. In about an hour alter that, we took 
two men of the same party, and killed one more of them; the 
same evening we had intelligence of another party of Rebels, 
which were assembling about 30 miles off in order fur tfo 
attack us; as 1 thought it best to surprize them where they 
were collecting, I marched all night and about 10 o'clock 
next morning, we came up with them ; we commenced a 




COL HENRY LEE 




[17] 

fire upon each <>t li«-r . whieh eontinued for ■ 
when they p&reated : we killed two , and wound- 

ed 7, and took 18 horses well appoint! rued 

to Deep Iliwr :i'2,ain — I still kept 1 1 » - - company together, 
and waited for another opportunity, daring which time, I 
took two Beb i soldiers and parolled them. ce me in- 

formation of aCol. Dudley coming FromGen'l amp 

at Camden, with ba _ 

I mounted my men and set forward in search of them . 
and 1 otraoealed my men by the side of the road; and I 
thought the time lbi irding to in a 1 had 

from the soldiers -1 took one man with me. and went to 
see it' 1 could make any discovery. 1 rode a mile and a 
halt, wli.'u I saw Col. Dudley with his • 
wheeled my horse; and returned to my men ; whete I i 
withiu a hundred yards of them, Dudley and his Drag 
Wflfa Base and tail and soaped their pis' j. I. 

then, ordered a, march alter them, an mat chin . 

miles tidiscdvcred them, and immediate)] took thi 

them ]iris,.iu»| S . with all the ba Mid nine Ho 

The I divided among my Men, whi ahly 

ttjCol Dudley'* report was valued at 6 1,000 Merlin. 

returned to | Mill and remained there till the 8ih 

June; when tie- Rebels embodied 160 men to attack me, 
under the command of ' ols. t diver and l'.illoiir. I i 
mined to 1 did 

with 48 men ml, ■ their 

encampment. Tie \ 

them ii i :iiy appuaaob ; 1 pre- ■ ithiu thirty 

steps o| tie m : bat beiqg unaci|uainted with • aids, 

advauced Mitioiisly. The sentinel 

ered my party, and living upon us, retreated. . 
themselves under cores oi tie firioc 

then began : and eontinued on boflh • 



I 18 J 

four homffi] being very cloudy and dark --during which 
time I had one man killed, and six wounded ; and the 
guide, before mentioned, taken prisoner; whom they killed 
next morning in cold blood. What injury they suffered, I 
could not learn ; As the morning appeared, we retreated, 
and returned again to Deep River; leaving our wounded 
men at. a friend's house, privately. 

The Rebels then kept a constant scouting, and their num- 
bers was so great, that we had to lay still for sometime ; 
and when Cottier and Balifbar left the settlement, he the 
said Colonel Dudley, before mentioned, took the place with 
900 men from Virginia. lie took a negro man from me 
and sold him at public auction for 110 pounds ; the said 
negro was sent over the mountains, and I never saw him 
since. At length they all began to scatter ; and we to em- 
body. William Elwood being jelous of my taking too 
much command of the men, and in my absence, one day, 
he persuaded them that I was a going to make them regular 
soldiers, and cause them to be attached to Col. John Ham- 
ilton's 1 ' Regiment ; and vindicated it, by an advertisement, 
that 1 had banded to several of the Loyalists ; that I 
tliuught bad the greatest influence with the Loyalists. He 
so prevailed with the common sort, that when I came to 
camp I found most of my men gone ; I, then, declared I 
never would go on another scout, until there was a Field 
Officer. The majority chose me ; They, then, drew up a 
petition to the commanding officer of the King's troops. 

A general meeting of the Loyalists was now called, in 
o'der, lor (so appoint a commanding officer of the Militia; 
it was still determined that I should be the person. I ac- 
cordingly set off, for Wilmington, being 100 miles, with a 
petition of the people, to the officer commanding, at that 
post, for his approbation. On my arrival there Major 
Craig, who commanded, treated me, with every respect, 



[ 19] 

and approved of said petition ; and gave a commission as 
Col. of the Randolph ami Chatham Militia— a copy of 
which is hereunto annexed. 

"By James Henry Craigg, Es,jr ; Major in Ins Majesty's 
82d Reg. commanding a detachment of the King's 
Troops in North Carolina, &c., &'c. 

To David Fanning. Hsqr. 

These are to appoint you, to be Colonel of the Loyal 
Militia, in Randolph, and Chatham, Counties, who are di- 
rected to obey you, as such, in all lawful commands, what- 
soever ; and you are authorized to grant commissions to 
the necessary persons of known attachment to his Majesty's 
person, and Government, to act as Captains and subalterns 
to the different companies of Militia aforesaid. As Colo- 
nel, you are hereby fully impowered to assemble the mili- 
tia, and lead them against any parties ol . or oth- 
ers ; the King's enemies, as often as necei 'compel 
all persons whatsoever to join you — to seize and disarm, 
and when necessary to detain, in confinement, all Rebels 
or others, acting against his Majesty - mil to do all 
Other acts becoming a Kin subject. 

Given at Wilmington, this 5th July. 1781. 

J. H. Craigg, 
N<i'i>>r. ding the King's Troops." 

On the 12th July, I returned from Wilmington, and or- 
dered a general Muster ; and then gave the toll,, wing com- 
mission to the gentlemen hereinafter named of their respec- 
tive companies. 



I 20] 

By ])avid Fanning Esq 
Colonel of the Loyal Militia of No Ca. 

To Greeting 

Having received sufficient testimony of your Loyalty 
and Zeal foil 1 i is Majesty's Service and relying on your 
courage and good conduct I do hereby appoint you to bo 

1 of a company in the district of . You 

arc, therefore, diligently and carefully to discharge the 
duty of such ; obeying all orders and directions, which you 
may receive from time to time, from any superior officers, 
in his Majesty's Service, and all others ; The inferior of- 
ficers of his Majesties subjects, of that and every other com- 
pany are directed aud requested to obey you as of 

said company. 

Given under my hand at Coxe's Mill this 1781. 

David Fanning 
Col- (Join' <j his Majesties Loyal Militia, &c. 



The names of the Officers of Randolph County, as they was 
commissioned in their different companies 

1 . John Rains, Capt. 10 July, (promoted maj'r 13 Oct. 1781. 
William Rains. Lt. 

Thomas Donnelly Ensign. 
John Spinks Ser. Maj. 

2. Geo. Rains, Capt. In Charleston at the peace. 
Ebcnezer Wollastnn, Lt, do. 

Robt. Rains Ensign - - - - in N. C. 

3. Wm. Fineannon, Capt. - - in N. C, now 
Rich'd Bird, Lout, - ... do. 
Cornelius Latham, Ensign - - do. 



[ft] 

4th. Michael Robens Capt. last account in X. 0. 

William Hillis, Lt. in Florida at the peace. 

Daniel Brown, Ensign, killed in N. C. by tlie Rebels. 

5. Robert Turner, 12 Capt. - - in X. C. 

Absolem Autrcy, Lt. - - - in Florida. 

Win. King, Ens. - - joined tli" 1!' 

6 Stephen Walker, Capt. ... murdered. 

Frederick Smith, Lt. hanged at flTllshoro, fur bis loy- 
alty. 

Wm. HuiiMickor, Ens. do'. do. 

7. Jos. Cnnie. Capt. - - In Florida at the peace. 
Benj. Shields, Lt. - - - in X r 
Jas. Rains, Ens. - - - - in S. C. 

The names of (he Ojiiveri iy" U ''•• \ in Clia- 

tham L'ouniy 

8. Thomas Dark Capt. Hanged at Hill- Lis loy- 

ally. 
Wm l! ■ cker Ijt. .Murdered by the R<-' 

Henry Ramaour 10ns. In Charleston) S. & at the peace. 

9. Win. Lindley, Capt. Murdered bj 

Wm. Peles, Lt. W i,: t o i' 

Win. McPherson, Ens. lu Charleston. 

10. Sam'l Dark, Capt. At last account in X. C. 
James Ellett, Lt. Drowned in Florida 
Thos. Elletl Em In Florida 

11. Benj. Underwood Capt., late in New Brunswick 
Fred. Smith. in - 
Adam Smith, Ens. 

12. Wm. Dei t. Killed in battle On the day after 

the rebel, Gov. Burke was taken. 
Wm. <arr Lt, In West Indies 

John Brvei, Ens. ida. 



[22] 

13. Martin Kendrick Capt. N. C. 

Thos. McDowell rebel Capt. 

Win. Brown joined the Rebels 



Names of Officers in Orange co. 

14. Rich'd Edwards, Capt. Killed in battle 
Edward Edwards, Lieut. do 13th Sept. 
Thos. Estwick, Ensign — 

15. Stephen Holloway, Capt. Killed in battle 
John Hastings, Lieut. Now in N. C, 
Ab'tn Nelson, Ens. 



The names of the Officers in the different Companies in Cum- 
berland County 

16; John Caglc, Capt. Hanged by the Rebels at P. D- 

Jacob Maunep, Lieut. In N. C. 

Wm. Dunn, Ensign 

17. Meriday Edwards Capt. East Florida 
Reuben Shields, Lieut, N. C. 
Wm. Hancock, Ens. 

18. Alex. Mclver, Capt. 

Murdock Martin, Lt England 

19. Wm. McLoud, Capt, 
Alex'r McLoud, Lt. 



The names of the Officers in Anson county. 

20. Wm. Price, Capt, Killed by the Rebels. 
Wm. Fanning Lt. hanged. 

21. Wm. McK night Capt., Murdered. 
Stephen Phillips Lt., in S. C. 

22. Abner Smally Capt, in Burke Co. N. C. 
Jos. Hodge, Lt. murdered by the Rebels. 







* 



^U^^) /Ly7 / A^U^L^ 



<^Uw^ 



[23 J 

Those gentlemen had their appointment from Major Fer- 
guson in So. Ca. in July 17S0, bul joined ill m -cording to 
their dates. 

On ray return to Deep River I immediately caused a gen- 
eral Muster of the Loyalists, which I collected to the 
amount of 150 men. but finding them deficient in arms I 
discharged all of them except 53, which I appointed full v ; 
out of which, I collected from the whole, and ordered the 
rest, to be ready to join me when I called for them. I, also, 
pave the foregoing commissions, to the different officers set 
forth, 'who rendered many services to the British (rovem- 
ment, during the late war, who nngulared themselves with 
me in the interior parts of that rebellious Country, and 
subdued the greatest part of the province : so far that the 
worst of Rebels came t<« me, begin g protection for them- 
selves, and property. The exert and the 
Other officers had the whole country under the protection of 
the British government, until loi r of 
Lord Cornwallis , and the evacuation of Wilmington ; and 
after all the British Troops was called to their different 
posts on the Sea shore. 

1 continued acting in the interior pat North Caroli- 

na. and was like to obtain a truce with I Rebels in the 
heart of the country. Those people have been induced to 
brave every danger and difficulty during the late war, 
rather than render any ser their proper- 

ties real and personal, taken ;t their enemies— the 

fatherless and widows stripped, an 1 evi rj means of support 
taken from them — their houses and lands and all personal 
property taken, and no resting place, could be found tor 
them'. As to place them in their former possessions, is im- 
possible stripped of their property, driven from their 
Houses ; deprived of their wives and children — rob!" 
a free and mild government — betrayed and deserted by 



[24] 



their friends, what can repay them, for the misery? Drag- 
ging out a wretched life of obscurity and want, Heaven, 
only, which smooths the ragged paths, can reconcile them 
to misfortune. Numbers of tlieni left their wives and 
children in North Carolina, not being able to send for 
fbein ; and now in the west Indies and other parts of the 
world for refuge, and not returned to their families yet. 
Some of them, that returned, under the act of oblivion 
passed in 1783, was taken to Hillsboro, and hanged lor 
their past services that they rendered the (iovernment 
whilst Under my command. 1 am fully sensible of the 
gjftbd designs that government iutends lor the Loyalists in 
so repeatedly renewing the act. I can solemnly declare 
that. I think, Major John Rains, and Capt. George Rains 
two nl the uiservingest officers that ever acted in America 
during the late war, either in the provintial or Militia; and 
to my certain knowledge John Rains had two Mills burnt ; 
three dwelling ILmses and besides a barn, and property to- 
tally taken away. I have given a direct account of 
the officers opposite their names as I possibly can; also 
their promotions and deaths. What I have set forth, 
I will forever vindicate. Resides other officers of other 
counties that joined me at different times, and places, as I 
shall refer to, in other parts of my Journal : in particular 
(.'nl. Arch McDugald 1;1 and (Samuel Andrews who joined me 
several times. Given at Kings County New Rrunswick 

Nov 2'.)th 1789. 



The Rebels on the same day held a general muster at 
Chatham Court House, about twenty-five miles, where I 
had assembled, and the day following were to call a court- 
martial for the trial of several Loyalists, who had refused 
to hear arms, in opposition to government. Upon receiv- 



[25] 

ioig this intelligence I proceeded, towards the <'mirt.Il' 
17 miles, that night, with the men I had named ; and the 
morning: following, by 7 o'clock, I arrived there. I sur- 
rounded the place, where they were. I expected to find 
members of the Oowri Martial, hut they had d i.-p'Tsed the 
eveuing before, and wore for to i - o'clock. I I 
posted j u i k < 'is ..ii • \ i tv road, and within the sjiace of two 
hours, took ,'),'; |.risonor.s- -among them, the Colonel, Major 
ami all tin- militia ollieers of the county, except two, who 
had not attended ; and a ootineotal Captain, with 
three of their del- . oeral Assembly, 1 imme- 
diately ma iched them to Coxe's Mi II, am I parol led all except 
11, who J knew were violent against the government. 'I 
I conducted to Wilmington and delivered to : - ligg. 
I then represented to Major Graigg thai with his approba- 
tion, I would establish certain regulations for tl nduet 

ot the militia: which heapproveel of; and he was oblig- 
ing enough, on my giving them to him to i and con- 

firm ; the following nil.-, which were printed and distribu- 
ted in the country, 






h'lli:s ,,„,/ REGULATIONS /<•>■ »«■ Well ■ , the 

loyal MHiiiit ,,f //,,> I robin* • 

1st, No peps, ,n to lie admitted a militia man until he 
takes the oath of Allegiance to : -tv, which is al- 

ways t o 1 ,e dom before the senj,,,. cifflcer of tl,, Kegilllent 

on the spot. 

-'I All ]>'i ■ - (Mil 'lied, in a Militia .company, and 

having taken the oath above incut ioned, will be considered 

as entitled to e\er\ privilege and protection af a British 1 

subject, on hem- deleted joHsillg the Rebel V, will !„■ treat- 
ed, as a deserter, and traitor 

od. Every militiaman is to repair, wit hont lad or 
BtlsfeJ except sickness, at the time appointed, lo the place 



[26] 

assigned liy liis (.'ol'n or (/apt. with his arms, ami accour* 
trements, ami is not to quit his company, on any pretence 
whatever, without the knowledge and permission, of his 
Captain or commanding officer. 

4th. The <'ol'n of every County lias full power to call 
his Reirimcnt together, and march them when necessary 
for liis Majesty's service; the Captain of each company 
has also power, to assemble his company, when any sudden 
emergency renders it necessary, and which he is to report 
as soon as possiUe to liis Colonel. 

5th. Mutual assistance is to be given on all occations ; 
but so it is impossible to give positive directions on this sub- 
ject, it is left to the discretion ofthe Colonels of Regiments, 
who must be answerable that, their reasons, for not afford- 
ing assistance when required, are sufficient. 

tjth. When the Militia of different counties are embo- 
died, the senior officer is to Command; Colonels of Regi- 
ments are immediately to determine, the present rank of 
their Captains, in which, regard is to be had to seniority of 
commission or service. In cases of vacancies ; the Colo- 
nels may grant temporary commissions, till recourse can be 
had to the Commanding officer of the King's troops. 

7th. The men are to understand, that in what relates to 
the. service they are bound to obey all officers, though not 
immediately belonging to their own companies. 

8th. Court Martial s may sit by the appointment of the 
Colonel or Commanding officer ; and must consist for the 
trial of an officer, of all the officers of the Regiment he 
belongs, except the Col'o or Commanding officer, and 
for the trial of anon Commissioned Officer or Private, of 2 
Captains, '2 subalterns and 3 privates— the latter to belong 
to the same company, as the person to be tried. The eld- 
est Captain to preside; anil the sentence ofthe Court, to be 




Major op.m.k.u. Gates. 

to*** 



[27] 

determined by plurality of votes ; and approved by tin- 
Commanding Officer. 

9th. No Colonel is to supercede an office* without trial ; 
but be may suspend him till ho can be tried. 

10th. Quiting camp without permission, disobedience of 
orders, neglect of duty, plundering, and all irregularities 
and disorder to be punished at the discretion of a Court 
Martial, Constituted as above mentioned ; and by the ap- 
probation Oil I n or Commanding olihor , who 
power to pardon, or remit, any part ot a punishment, hut 
not to increase or alter it. 

1 lth. Kver\ man mils! take the si riotest care of his arms, 
and ammunition ; and have them alwa\ I read\ for service, 

12th. When the Militia if) not emh"died, they are at all 
times to be attentive to the motions ot the Rebels ; and im- 
mediately 1 .» ;ic |iui in t the nearest Office* ol anything 
may discover. \\ In > is to communicate it to his Coin or ol 
Officers as may he rc|uisitc. 

loth. It is the duty of ever;, person prolossing all 
ance to ins MajastJ to communicate te the t nmmanding Of" 
tieer of the nearest llntisu uprl an\ intel I ig< nc 
procure ot the a»seiul>ling 91 WM^ing of any bodies ot Re- 
bels, I'olsolis i mployed on tin. oPCasipn shall always bo 

paid. 

Mth. t.'ol 'ns ot Begta. maj assemble <^ny numhei ot their 
men, they think necessary to be posted m particular spots 
of their districts then time ol service on th --ions 

is to be limited ; and they are at piratiofl to b 

lieved, liy others, t.icat care is to he taken that no ]iai- 
tiality is shown, that each take an equal proportion ol dut\ , 
for which purpose alphabetical rolls are to he kept, by 
which the men are to he warned. Kvery (apt, to keep an 
account pf the numher pf days each man of his company 
serves. 



[»] 

Tlie strict observance of the above regulations, is strongly 
recommended as the best means of the King's faithful sub- 
jects manifest superiority over the rebel militia; and insure 
them, that success their zeal ami spirit in the cause of their 
country entitles them to expect. 

Head I ' Quarters, WihniiKiUm 25 Sept, 1781. 

I thought proper to administer the following oath of 
Allegiance unto those people I was dubious of. "I — A B— 
do swear on the Holy Evanglists of Almighty &dA to bear 
true allegiance to our Sovereign Lord, King George the 
3d ; and to uphold the same. I do voluntarily promise for 
to serve as Militia, under any officers appointed over nae ; 
and that I will when lawfully warned by our said officers 
assemble at an}' place by them directed in case of danger ; 
in the space of 8 hours. 1 will go with my arms and ac- 
coutrements in good order, to supress any rebels or others, 
the King's enemies ; that I will not at any time do, or 
cause to be done any thing prejudicial to his majesty's 
goverment ; or suffer any intercourse, or correspondence^ 
with the enemies thereof; that I will make known any plot) 
or plots, any wise inimical to his Majesty's forces, or loyal 
subjects, by me discovered, to his majesty's officers con- 
tiguous, and it shall not exceed, six hours, before the said 
is discovered, if health and distance permit. This I do 
solemnly swear and promise to defend in all cases, what- 
soever. So help me, CJod !" 

I then returned to the head of Little River, on my way 
to Coxe's Mill : where I was met by two men, who informed 
me that the Rebels had separated into two small parties ; 
thinking I should never return frm. Wilmington ; I passed 
on and got intelligence of Col. Altstine lying on the banks 
of Deep River, with a party of 25 men. We marched all that 




SIR HENRY CLINTON KB 

■ 




[29 ] 

day mid night following ; and just as the day dawned, we 
advanced in throe divisions, up to a In | had thrown 

themselves iota < ta our approach, we tired upon the house, 
as I was determined to make examples of them, for be- 
having in the manner they ha 1 done, to one of my pi] 
by name, Kenneth ISlaek. They returned our lire, and the 
action continued upwards of '.', hours, when after killing 
four of them, and wounding all the rest, except three, they 
Bent out B fl*g to Miireixlir. Col. Altine s lady beg 
their lives. On her sol icita I hm , 1 eotioluded to errant her 
request; and aflei the .-apit illation 1 he following 

paroles to Obi. I'hilip ANtaue and Ins men. 

•'1 do hereby acknowledge myself a Prisoner of war. 
upon my parole, Do His Excellency Sft ll-nry Clint. -n. and 
that 1 am hereby eJngHged till 1 shall be exchanged, or 
ntle-rwi.se released therefrom, to proceed immediately to my 
plantation on l>unnain's Creek. < 'ntiiherland cunt\ 
(dsewheiri N,, i an.lina, there to remain; or within fijre 
miles thereof- -and that J shall not in the mean time, do, 
or cause any thing to be done, prejudicial to the lUCcess bf 
fi- Maj,M\ - arttis* nor have any intei .-. .it r--- or hold 
respHiidom, with tin enemies of his Ma ind that 

upon a summons from his Ekcelleocj/'j bf Other ftrfeofl hav- 
ing authority then to. that I Will ider myself up to 
him or them, at such time mid p] hall hereafter bo 
required. 
Ciimlivrlnntf ('imnly, I'miir Ai.-tinf; 

Oeejp //.■-, ; July 2toh< ITC1 Oofn, 

Witness. Davio FiwiNn. Co/',, ( ',„„',, Loyal Militia 



I 30] 

In the course of this affair, we hud two men killed, and 
I. mi- wounded, who afterwards recovered. A party of Liebels 
n]i|»aied in sight a little time after the firing began ; but 
ttiey did i) r ,t approach toxaffiwd Cah Altstone any- support. 
Whtefl the action uas oiev, they ran off; and our horses 
being quite fatigued, rendered it impossible for me, to per- 
sii.' them. 1 then peraued bjy route kpnCoxna Mill, where 
<m my arrival 1 gave twelve hours leave to the men ; alter 
detaching a sufficient number for the necessan guards, (,„ 
go to their respective homes. Immediately after that, I 
beard that a wagon loaded with salt for the use of the 
rebel army bad passed about 12 hours. I took eight men 
with me. and after a cbaee of 16 miles I overtook her, and 
conducted it back to Coxes Mill. On my return I found 
that Major Kains, had been attacked by a party of 150 
rebels ; who had attempted to secure the fort of Deep llivur, 
at Coxes Mill j however it was without success, He had 
one man wounded, ami several horses, in the attack. On 
my approach, they retreated. They then sent a flag with 
offers of peace. I returned for answer, "I was determined 
to make peace with the sword— or otherwise till they should 
become' subjects of (ireat Dritain." My men now being 
collected to the amount of I4U, who by this time were well 
armed, and bearing nothing further from them, the next 
morning, we inarched Ito the place, where I had been in- 
formed they were; hut found them gone off. I discovered 
some of their soouts, but on firing on them, they took to 
the woods. 1 heard, thai they had inarched and joined 
another party of 260 men, commanded by Colonels Paisley 
and Balfour. Upon which I returned to Coxe's Mill ; 
1 sent out spies that night, who returned before morning 
and informed me that the two rebel parties had joined, be- 
ing about 400 in number and encamped at Brown's planta- 
tion, about two miles up the River on the opposite side, I 



[31] 

dispatched a flag to them, acquainting tlietn. as before, of 
my determination, in support of Government, and proposed 
a meeting of both parties to determine the matter by force 
of arms ; at the same time acquainting them, that, the ill 
treatment, of some prisoners they had taken a little time 
before, had determined me to retaliate in ease, an end was 
not put to it ; I directed the flag to Major Cage, who com- 
manded at the time before, and I received the following 
answer 

"Sik, 1 received yttttrt by a flag, and can assure you 
that I should be as sorry as any person living to misuse a 
prisoner ; but at the same lime. 1 think it is my dutv to 
oppose my enemies, and if any ol your men should fall into 
my bauds 1 shall endeavour to use what influence 1 can to 
have them treated as prisoners ; and I hope you will do the 
same, 1 must also inform yon, that i am not the com- 
manding officer : it 1 was, I should immediately return you, 
au answer j As your letter was not, directed to the com- 
manding officer, he will not undertake it You will direct 
to him, Col. O neal is Commander at present. 

1 am. Yours, eve. &a \y M . Cage. 

J'o/. 2d, 1781 : 

To Col. David Fanning. 

I also received a message from Col. i >'„eal that when- 
ever they met, they would tighi me, hui not by an imme- 
diate appointment ; 1 directly ordered a march and pro- 
ceeded to (he place where 1 was inlormed by the Bearer of 
the flag they lay encamped ; hut on my arrival iliere, they 
had marched off; and from intelligent . 1 hud procured, I 
bad reason to suppose they was ,„nr to Saleshury to get 
reinforced, by General Rutherford. 1 then concluded, to 
g», to Wilmington for a supply of ammunition ; finding 
my stock began to grow low. T got to Cross Creek on the 



[ *« ] 

11 tli of August ; and early in the morning following crossed 
the C;i]m- Fear River, when ffiTaj: Samuel Andrews jnined 
me with his eo ipany and scouted through all the rehel 
settlements, on the north side oi' the Iiiver ; ami took a 
nnmlirr OT prisoners, arms and horses. I also discovered 
where '_'."> harrels of Salt was concealed ; designed for the 
rehel army. 1 distroyed it; and then marched down the 
side; and came to a plantation helonging to a < 'apt . liobert- 
son — which 1 burned ; From thence I marched to his 
brother's Col. liohertsmi, whieli served in the same manner. 
On my march. I took several prisoners, whom I parolled , 
execpt 20: those I delivered to Capt. Legett, 11 then com- 
manding at Wilmington ; where 1 arrived on the 24th- 
Having ._. c >t supplied with ammunition, 1 |ii'oceeded up the 
country on the 26th. — On my arrival at Elizabetlitowu, I 
found Col. Sliiigshec. ..f the Loyal Militiaof BladcD county, 
with a number of paroled rebels, in his camp. I disap- 
proved of keeping them, there, and told him J thought it 
impiudent, and unsafe. The event proved so ; for that 
night, they, having arms concealed, tired upon his camp, 
and wounded him mortally. Five Captains also were 
wounded, some of whom died afterwards id' their wounds. 
The day following 1 arrived at McFalls mills about 60 
miles, where 1 dispatched 90 of my men back, to render 
assistance, on receiving the unfortunate accounts of Col. 
Sliiigsbee s misfortune; but it was too late; as the rebels 
had taken to the woods ami got off. 

I had information of the rebel, Col'n Wade with 450 
militia, was, then, on his inarch to attack Col . McKeal, who 
had assembled 70 of the loyal militia of Bladen, and then 
lay on the side of Drowning Creek. 1 instantly dispatch- 
ed, an express, to know his situation, and offering assis- 
tance j in tb ree hours, I received for answer, he -would be 
glad to see mo, and my party, I marched directly, ami by 



[ 33 ] 

day light, arrived with 1."..". men. Our pickets was fired 
upon : and retreated into camp, having exchanged several 
shots with those of the Rebels. We had information Ihej 
were crossing a bridge oq Drowning , about tlirce 

miles oft', when the pickets lired on them ; and thai thee 
was 420 men crossed that brid*e, 1 immediately ordered 
all mv men to ai'ins. and counted (hem ; whiph in number 
was 225, horse ami fool : I then marched immediately to 
attack them : when I formed mj little party lien great va- 
cancies in order to appeal' :|S numerous as possible, and to 
prevent their turning my thinks. We attacked them at 11 
o'clock ; ami engaged them an hour and a half; on my order 
in? a charge; they ietr,w,,|. \\\> persued thorn 7 miles 
and took .VI prisoners : 1 ol which died that niirht, OVi 
our return we found 1«J dead : and the next day. several 
came in .and surrendered, all 6f whom were wounded, and 
we ha<l reason to suppose that several died in t h<- swamps, 
by accounts, we tec m] (hose w ho came in a 

wards. Our loss was only omen wounded; one of which 
died ; and 5 'Horses killed; besides a f-w wounded. \V- 
took 2 ."lit horses ; most of which wore loaded with otFects 
they had plundered from the friends Hf 6roVe t thm*Wt ; and 
as 1 had formerly iMereti t hat w hoover toiind concealed 
goods, ot any kind should keep 1 hem ; 1 also flow ofrfleWfl 
that every man should keep that he had t ikeu tliat day. af- 
ter mounting and equipping ChoSi 50 ; who were not 
mounted in the action. ] then parolled the prifebtiers 
cept 30, which 1 sent to Wilmington, under a guard <'',' 
Col. McNeal's men. Then, with my party,l marched that 
evening to Little (liver. If. miles from mcFalls mill ; where 
the party returned, which had ^ofleto Cbl'fl Slingshy's as- 
sistance. The day following. I arrived at. ('o.xe's Mrrl, 
where I issued tin' following advertisement J and circulated 
it through the country-- 



[34] 

'« ADYERTJSEiMENT. 

This is to let all persons know, that do not make ready 
and repair immediately to camp, tnat their property shall 
be seized, and sold at public sale; and if they are tak;en 
and brought into camp they shall be sent to Wilmington, 
as prisoners, and there, remain, as such, in the provost ; and 
be considered as Rebels ; also, it' any rebel is willing to 
surrender and come in he shall reap the benefit of a subject. 

David Fanning 

Camp Coxe's mill 1 Colo Com'g loyal Militia 

Gth Sep 1781 \ 

On the 9th of Wept. I was joined by Coin McDugald 
of the Loyal Militia of Cumberland County, with 200 men ; 
and Col. Hector McNiel, 1 5 witli his party from Bladen of 70 
men ; and in consequence of my advertisement I had also 
435, who came in ; and many found me afterwards. 

I had previously determined within myself to take the Re- 
bel, Governor Burke of North Carolina and I had a conver- 
sation with Maj. Craig;*;, on the subject. I now thought 
it, a favourable opportunity, as 1 found myself at the head 
of 950 men of my own Regiment ; exclusive of McDugald 
and McNiel 's regiments. I acquainted Major Raines, of 
my resolution, who approved of it. The rebel General 
John Butler, and Col. Robert Maybin of the Continental 
line, lay within 40 miles of our encampment, on the Cape 
Fear River. It was supposed by my officers, that I intend- 
ed to attack them. After inarching Hi miles to Rocky 
River, I went a little distance, out of my road, to a friends 
house, for intelligence, of the situation of the Rebels; du- 
ring which time, the guide led my little army about two 
miles out of the way, towards General Butler. On my re- 
turn. 1 was under the necessity of making my in tout ions 
known ; and immediately directed my march to Hillsboro ; 



[35] 

I pushed all tliat day and the following night : .At 7 
o'clock on the morning of the 12th we entered the town 
in three divisions, and received several shots from differeut 
houses ; — however, we lost none and suffered no damage, 
except une man wounded. We killed, fifteen, of the Re- 
bels, and wounded twenty; and took upward* of two hun- 
dred prisoners ; amongst them was the < Governor, his Couut 
cil, and part of the Continental Colonels, several captains 
and subalterns, and seventy ABO Continental soldiers out of 

a churcli. We proceeded to the Goal, and released thirtv 

Loyalists, and British soldiei • which, was to have 

been BfcQged on that day. About 1 g o'clock. 1 left Hillsbo- 
ro; and proceeded Eighteen miles that oight fowaids 
Cosu's Mill | in the morning I persned my mareh about 
Eight miles further, to Lin<K,. v - Mill on Cane Creek: 
where Ceo I Butler and a party ol rebels had concealed 
themselves Cdn MeXenl, who had the advanced guard, 
had neglected to take the freceasarj precautions for our 
safety, and by information pi 'apt. M< Lain ( umberlaud 
'onnty, Little River; and as soon as | had discovered the 
situation, we were in, and havine tagreal ■ number of 
prisoners, I left my station, and pushed far the advanced 
guard : on my OOming up with Col u McNeal. 1 inquired the 
•n ot his ne-leet , and before he could answer, iye were 
fired upon by the rebels They killed Eight nieu, among 
them was Coin McNeal, who received three balls through 
him, and five through his horn J then ordered a retreat 
back to where 1 Ictt the prisoners, and alter securing them, 
1 made the ' preparations to attack the enemy, 

and after engaging them tour hours they retreated. I lost 
twenty seien men killed, and sixty. - | badly wounded, that 
they could not be moved , besides thirty slightly, but so, 
that they could beep up with our main body, At the con- 
clusion ot this actio,,. 1 received a shot in mv left arm, 



I 36] 

which broke the bone in several pieces : my loss of hfoodl 
was so prefect] thai I was taken off my horse, and led to a se- 
cret place in the woods. I then sent Lient. Woioston, to 
my little army, I'm- Col'ii Arch MeDugald, and Major John 
Rains and Lt Col'ii Arch McKa\ '{ to take command ; & tn 
send to \Yilmin<;'lon lor assistance, as I was not aide to 
take any command. I also desired that Major Rains should 
return as soon as he cmlil leave Col. Mel higahl ; as I 
thought he might be the means M 'saving me from the hand 
of my enemies: These gentlemen condncted themselves in 
such a manner. I think they deserve the applause of every 
loyal subject, both for their valour and good conduct, as 
Col'ii Mayhin and Gen'l Butler persued them all the way 
until they met Major Craigg coming to their assistance. 
They made their march good for ltili miles and never lost 
one prisoner, but introduced Thus. Bulk, their Governor, 
anil his regiment if rebels, to Major Craigg ; who very 
well accepted them ; and Major Cruigg introduced his 
Excellency, ami Regiment, to the Provost Master. I am in- 
formed by letters from Col. Arch McDugal, dated 6th Aug. 
lTH'J that no prevision has been made for him yet 
Also, Major Rains, the 2d of Oct'r 1 78'J. But I am in 
hopes when the Government comes to lie informed, of the 
many services that they have done, they will consider them, 
and make some allowance for them. I am personally ac- 
quainted with their services. Major John Rains, was the 
first man. that took up arms within North Caiolina ; and 
the last man with me, and took an active part in command 
in six and thirty skirmishes in \. (.'.(also Capt. George 
Rains.) 

At the departure of my little army, I was left with three 
men; and in four days 17 more came to my assistance. 1 
made enquiry respecting the loss of the Rebels, in the late 
action ; and found that the inhabitants had buried 24. and 





&■•£ 


















» ■ ■. 






REFERENCES. 

i .TJiree (ompimicj -Lujftt Infantry. 
* ' ' d Iia7arunt . 
. . Ditto* . 

I'elii/iMrs pt' Ireland . 

Inrantrr ef'che British Legion 

Ham&tBru (vrpt . 

Bryanj ('ere.'. 

<f I'm- BaOaSmu p J .'/tr</mi*rit . 

IMareons British Leifwn . 



[37] 

tliat the wounded thoy had left were 'J'i. besides those that 
went off and tliat my party had taken 10 prisoners. Of 
the number of the killed was Col'o Guttrell, and Major 
Knuwk-s. wli,, were inveterate enemies to the Loyalist 

The party we had engaged I found to have consisted of four 
hundred Continentals under the command of Colo May- 
bin and Gen'I Butler. In twenty four days, I fouud my- 
self able to Bel up, anl then dispatched, four of my Cap- 
tains Hooker, Rains, Knight, and Lindly, to Wilmington 
for a supply of ammunition : and before their return. I had 
sent out, and embodied 140 nun. during which time] heard 
of a quantity of leather, which was prepared for the use of the 
rebel army, and was ordered for Gen'I Green 's quarters at 
Cam den. I weni to the place, and finding the leather 
agreeable to my information. 1 took enough thereof to 
equip the company completely, and ordered the rest to he de- 
stroyed. On my return to Brush Creek, near where I had 
been secreted during my Him - 9ioned by my wounds, 

I sent out spies for discovery. Two of thciu returned, in 

Mian an hour, with information of six hundred rel 
who were advancing for to attack me. Bht they proved nq 
more than 1 T " - Their accounts disheartened a number of 
my men. From my being in bo weak a state, they appre- 
hended I would not be able, to command them. How 
they lifted me. on mv horse, and I formed my men there 
in two ranks and showed two front-, as they appeared both 
in thy front and rear; the fire continued for near an hour. 
I lost three men killed, and three badty wounded. The 
rebels had one killed, and several wounded. Then they 
retreated : and rallied and at tacked again, after retreating, 
about a mile, which was so unexpected, that I concluded 
they had been reinforced. 1 then retreated : but without 
low. except my baggage. I. then, separated my men into 
small parties, until the arrival of the four officers, I had 



[38] 

dispatched for ammunition, to Wilmington, who brought 
the followiug letter from Maj'r Craigg, with 5000 ca- 
tridges ; 

Wilmington VSth Oct 1781 
" Deak Sir : 

Your letter gave me infiuite satisfaction from the fa- 
vourable accounts, it contained of your health, and the 
probability of your soon being restored to that service, in 
which you have done so much to your honour. I beg you 
to accent for myself, and convey to those of your officers 
whom 1 have not yet seen, my warmest thanks for their 
gallantry and good behaviour. I enclose you rhe commission 
you desired for Major Rains, who I am persuaded will endea- 
vour to answer your warm recommendations. I have been 
unfortunate enough to lose, the list of medicines you sent 
tor ; however I desired, the Surgeon, to send you such as he 
thinks, most likely to be serviceable to you ; though from 
his not being acquainted with your case, is all by guess — I 
am much concerned to find the probabilities of so many of 
your people suffering from want of attendance or necessaries. 
Nothing shall be wantiug in my power, either in that re- 
spect or that of salt for their relief. I am not at liberty to 
explain myself in a letter, but I hope I shall very soon 
have it in my power to assist you with greater care than at 
present. The moment I returned here, I was informed of 
the circumstances of the stallion you mention. I deter- 
mined it in your favour, and took him away from Mr. Camp- 
bell, or rather from a gentleman whom he had sold him to. 
He has been with my horses ever since, and never rode. I 
now send him to you by Capt. Liveley. 

The long northerly winds, has prevented any arrivals 
from Charleston, so that we are totally without news. 




[N© ESQ. J 

_///•// //■/////// //r/;-/-// f -/ /■//'.' i My ,:>///.'> , '//■/•/■/,■ 
or JVo r.i S c o t 1. 1, 



[39] 

I wish I had got Mr. Burke's papers.— 
I am with much regard, 

Your most ob't faithful servant 
J. H. Craigg 

The following is a copy of the letter I received of Col- 
onel Ediuond Fanning 1 6 of the King's Americans' : 

The names of the Officers of Cumberland count;/ who acted 
vnder Colo. McDwfald, as the;/ teas cotrm in their 

(liferent companies; who were with me. at the taking of 
Hillsboro : 

Archibald McDugald, Colo. 
Archibald McKay : Lieut. Colo. 

The names of the Officers of Bladen county who acted under 
IA. Colo. Hector. McNeal 
Hector McNeal ; Lt. Colo. 

• I"hn Wataoo : Major ; 

The names cf the Gentiemen Officers who came as Volunteers 
from Wilmington, for rccredtion, and to explore the country, 
and was at the taking of HflUborough with 
Alexander McOaw, Oapt: of Govr. Martin's Regl 
Pani.l McDonald, Lieut. do. do. 

Malcin McKay, Etas do. do. 

•Tolin McKenzie, ''apt. 
Hector McNtel, 
Charles CatrrjJbell. 
•Tames 1 >awson. 



Sometime alter the receipt, of the foregoing letter I in- 
tercepted an express bound for Gen. Greene's Camp, which 
was at that time near the lines not far from Charleston : 
amongst which was Lord Gortiwallis's capitulation, which 



I 40] 

I have since lost We continued in small parties until 
Major Craigg evacuated Wilmington, when one clay I took 
a man with nie to go fin intelligence and to provide oats 
tor the party I kepi with me. When at a house I spied a 
party of thirty rebels, coming towards said house ; where I 
was We instantly mounted, and rode off. On my return 
to my men. I ordered, sixteen of them, to mount; and 
went hack to the house we had left, hut found them gone 
off. 1 persued them about sixteen miles ; when we came 
up, with them. We killed three of them and wounded two; 
who I took prisoners. I had no loss or accident on our 
part. 

1 had now certain intelligence of Maj. (haigg's evacu- 
ating Wilmington ; and that the rebels in consequence of 
it, had separated into small parties, and returning home ; 
and for the space of fourteen or fifteen days, 1 fell in With, 
and took more or less of them every day. During which 
time I had information, of a Capt. Kennedy and his party, 
who hail taken a number of horses and a quantity of house- 
hold furniture. 1 followed him about five miles, and after 
a smart firing, took him and eight of his party, with the 
booty they had plundered. He gave intelligence that a 
Capt. Lopp with a party of sixty nun, who had been dis- 
charged by Genl. Rutherford were on their way up the 
country. The said Capt. Kennedy (Cannady) all the time 
of our attacking Lopp stood and looked on; and as he 
declared that he would not make his escape, neither would 
he let any of his men interfere, if we drove off Capt. Lopp. 
1 left him in a house with only two men. to guard Eleven, 
and found them all there. The guard informed me that 
he would not let any of his party make tbeir escape. He 
proved so much to his honour, that J gave him up one of 
bis horses, saddle, and bridle : and paroled him with all his 
men. ] had at this time but thirteen men, with meat a 



Bofec near the road where they were to pass. 1 mounted 
my men, and plared (bom in concealment aloug the road. 
On their coming up, I ordered them to fire, and then for to 
chaise ; which we did. three times, through tliem : they 
immediately dispersed through the woods ; it bi'iiiLT nearly 
dark, we could not teH trust injury they suffered. 

On tne lutli of lv/r ChIm. [s:i;k> came down from the 
mountains, witli a party of ThffeB Hundred men : and 
formed his camp at Coxes Mill, in the settlement T had 
formerly ranged in : in order tn take me: where he eon- 
tinned nearly three months, during which time the follow- 
ing proclamation was issued 

"Statu ok North Carolina 

By the llou. Alexaader Martin. Bsqi Speaker of the Senate. 

Captain General, Governor and Commander in Chief in 

and over the said State. 

Whereas divers of citizens of this State, have been de- 
luded by the wicked artifieies of our enemies & have revolted 
ami withdrawn themselves from the faith and allegiance, 
whieh before tiod. they plighted to , we their country, and 
treacherously have taken up arms ngainst the same: being 
convinced that they have I 'ayed by false fcopes; sup- 

ported by deee.'t . an 1 now |i ml I heinse]vos I by OUT 

feeble and despairing enemy, and left ikhpfotected to the 
vengeance of ihe Slat.', to inflict those punishments due to 
their crimes : and in tender compassion t lings ,,f 

humanity fn soar" Btech who ai'e willing to return, and to 
stay the hand of execution, in the unnecessary effusion 
the blood of citizens who May be r- claimed, ! have thought 
fit to issue this my pro, ■lamation tff pardon to such of the 
above persons, who may surrender rheWsefves" '"fore the 
I <>th day of march next Oti this e\ ■ ■ ' I . tba* 

thev immediately ,. n list in fliC CrMfitlerJWrl battalions: and 



[42 j 

render a personal service fiw twelve months niter the time 
of their rendezvous at head-quarters, and having faithfully 
performed (lie same for tie- said term, it shall he deemed as 
having expiated their offences and he entitled to. and be 
restored to the pi -ivilcdges of citizens. All Officers finding 
men of this class, guilty of murder, robbery, and house 
breaking, to be precluded, from the above, notwithstanding ; 
and I do hereby require the Honourable the .Judges of the 
Superior Courts of law, of oyer and terminer, and general 
jail delivery, and all officers, civil, and military, within 
the State to take notice of this my proclamation; and 
govern themselves accord in elyi. (riven under inv hand 
and seal of arms at Halifax this 25th of December 1781, 
and in the sixth year of our Independence. 

Alexander Martin 
By bis Excellency's command 

John Hawkins. Dy. Sec'y 

" (lod Sort- We *!<>/<■. " 

During (Jol'o Isaaes's stay at Coxes Mill, he ravaged the 
whole settlement, and burnt and distroyed a number of 
houses belonging to the friends of the Government. — 
Thev frequently applied to me privately for advice. I re- 
commended it to them it possible, to remain, neutral ; and 
make their peace ; as it was entirely out of my power for to 
protect or relieve them. A Capt. Stinson of this party 
took One of my men, named, David Jackson,' f and hung 
him up without ceremony. A few days before Colo. Isaac's 
departure from Coxe's Mills, he sent out notice for the 
friends of the government to meet him, and he would give 
them protection agreeable to proclamation ; I>ut on their 
assembling, he made them prisoners of war; and marched 
them under a strong guard to Salisbury Goal. Not many 



[43] 

days after they broke out. and knocking down the Sentinel, 
made their escape : except one. who was shot in the at- 
tempt, 

Two Captains in each Bounty were appointed by Colo. 
Isaacs, on his Icavir S Mill, to keep the friends of 

(Government down : and were 1 goirig with their own men. 
continually through the country. 

During all this time T was itt the woods and kept moving 
with H small party as occtision required. One evening, I 
had assembled thirty men. at a friends house, and sent out 
spies : They Boon returned with a. a party of Tebels 

within four mil til and plundering our 

friends. We immediately eel forward to render our a 
tance. and got within a half a mile of them: I, then, sent 
out to sret information how they were situated, and by 
break of day eatne upon them. \Y< retook seven horses 
which they had carried off. with a ll i.air- 

gage. We woimde,! two ,,: tlicm mortally, and s. veral 
slightly; we came off without injury, except two h 
woun.li'd. The day following r«ued tlinn . t. , ( 'imi- 

berlaud county, and on m\ way. 1 burnt Capt ' >xe's 
house, and his Father's I had alM twn skirmishes and 
killed two of the rebel party. < >n my return to Little 
River. I heard of n < apt. Qoleon : who had been disstressmr. 
the Loyalists ; and went in search of him, myself; but un- 
fortunately 1 did not meet him : but fell in. with one of his 
men. who had been very assiduous, in assisting the rebels. 
I killed him. I mounted a man of my own on Ms 1" 
and returned back. I then took Cipt. dune and the man 
of my own before mentioned, and went with a design of 
burning I son's house; which [did; and alM> two 

others. In my way. I fell in. with a man, who bad been 
very anxious foi to I 8>ve - me of my men executed I sent 
him word tor to moderate a>>d l,,. should 'him: to 



[44] 

fear, but if ho persisted. I would certainly kill him. He 
took no notice <>i this ; lmt persisted, lor several months, 
and on observing uie that day, he attempted to escape ; 
hut 1 shut him. 

Two days, alter, Capt. Walker, joined me which made 
four of us. and hearing that one Thompson, a Lebel and 
Magistrate, had taken up a horse h$jpnigj#g to me, 1 went 
to claim him: lie ga-ye 'him up without hesitation, and 
upon examining what arms he had. he owned to one line, 
which I took tioin him : He also informed me, that the 
rebels were willing to make peace with me on my own 
terms, and would allow me any limited hounds 1 would 
require provided I would not he troublesome to them. I 
therefore concluded alter consulting Capt. Walker and 
Currie, to demand the following terms, which i forwarded 
by a prisoner, 1 had taken ; and in order to convince them 
that my intentions were sincere. 1 released him, for that 
purpose, though he had been the means of murdering 
several. 

Terms required by Colo. David Fanning from Govr. 
Burke, forwarded to him by Lawyer Williams, and Capt. 
Ramsay, of 1st battalion of North Carolina Continentals. 

1. That every friend of the government shall be allowed 
to their respective homes unmolested. 

2d. That they shall be under no restrictions of doing, 
or causing to be done any thing prejudicial to hi6 Majestys 
service. 

3d. That they shall not be under any obligation to act 
in any public station, or ever to take up arms, or be com- 
pelled to do any thing injurious to his Majesty's good gov- 
ernment, 

4. That shall not pay or caused to he paid, any taxes or 
money so levied by new laws during the Continuance of 
th«' present war. to support new army by their industry. If 



th*9e terms art- grouted, I request tlLat they uuty be inline* 
diately convoyed tome, at my quarters by a flag of truce, 
appointed for that purpose, and by such Officers, as I cau 
rely upon, from your hands and seals. 

If these terms are not granted you may depend my 
sword being continually unsheathed ; as I am determined, 
I will not leave one of your old Offenders alive, that has 
injured liis Majesty's Government, and friends, who would 
have been of service to your country in a Future day and T 
do.hereby reodmmend it to yon to govern yourselves accord- 
ingly, 

Jan'y 7th M Djrlfo r^vNiN.j Ool't 

To Mr \mi l Wri.iTv.MF Josnn iVmat I r ■ 

and (apt VVm H.cusav. SriTin, Wauer i apt * 

lo !■• fonvnritr'i hy thrm to the < hmmaml' r ni < Intf for ih« 
tiMr Being ba ili> HUUkor6' cUbriaL 

I reeeive<l the following answer from Lawyer Williams 

I'lMTimt .Inn,; s//, 17H2 
Sir 

I received yours l>v Mr Biggin at the Court Hon--, qn 
Sunday last, and immediately wrote t$ Iumi 1 lintloron t he 
subject pf your surrender. His answer is. that h«' cannot 
ior,-ive you himself hut will directly write to the ftofB 
As soon as he teeaivds, Ins answer, he will transmit it, fcq 
Maj. (iriirith. who will send it In Winsor l'ear •< s on 1 
River If 1 obtain lihertv. I will bring it myself In tlw 
mean ttuie I would recommend h ni'«lfiHt.' eoiidm it as the 
best step to bring matter* to an accommodation. The 
bearer. Mr. Riggin, has executed the trust yon reposed in 
him. 1 therefore, hope, you will restore to him his proper- 
ty. For your mility to nje, when I wa- ft pnsoncr, I will 
do any thing 1 ran in honour. Concerning ypui surrender 
' 'ol o Ray and Colo Mcbugahl. ha\e vu tendered and _■ 



[U] 

to Charlestown. I am informed by Colo Thuckston, I am 
exchanged with a number of other prisoners, at Charles- 
town under a Cartel which is renewed. You may depend 
as soon as I get the Governor's answer, you shall know it. 
1 am, Sir, Your most ob't servt. 
Coitfo Daa t id Faxxinc James Williams 

I also received another letter from Cap't Ramsay hv 
another conveyance 

Jan 8th 1782 
Sir 

I saw a letter to Mr. Williams and observed what you 
say concerning my case. As to breaking my parole, that I am 
clear of; as Major Craigg a few days before he left Wilming- 
ton sent a party of dragoons to where we were paroled at the 
Sound and ordered us under the main Guard ; whence I 

made mv escape ■ which I am certain you will not blame 

i- ii ■ . i -.i i 

me ior ; as you are well acquainted with my honour ; 

when I was taken prisoner, I had it in my power to escape 
many a time ; but as long as I was treated like a gentle- 
man, or agreeably to the lules of war, I would rather suf- 
fer death, than forfeit my honour. I observe what you say, 
concerning your parole ; but the kind treatment I received 
at your hands, you may rely on it, any thing, Mr. Wil- 
liams, or myself can do tor you, in honour, shall not be 
wanting. Your letter I understood is transmitted to the 
Governor, who I make no doubt will comply with your re- 
quest. For my part I wish for nothing else but peace. 
1 am Sir your humble servant 

Matthew Ramsey 

iiini 

I lay neutral, until I got further accounts and on the loth 
Jan 1782 ; Messrs. Williams, Clark, and Burns, were kind 
enough to wait on me at Mr. Winsor Pearce's in respect to 



my former proposals which I had requested of them, with 
the letter as follows. 

15th Jan 1782 

Agreeable to your request 1 have received order to offer 
you a parole on the terms you desired, : thirty miles east 
and west ; fifteen miles north and south. Hammond Coxes 
mill to be the center of your bounds; should you he inclin- 
ed to go to Chailcstown at a future day, let me know it, 
aod I will endeavour to get you that liberty, when 1 see 
the Governor. 

lou mentioned being way laid . you may be assured that 
I know nothing of it Mr. Williams Mr Clark and John 
Burns, are the gentlemen that are kind enough to wait 
upon you with this flag, and a blank parole for you to 
sign ; and they will give yon a certificate for your security 
against any of the American troops to remain as jutisoners 
of war, in the bounds specified. You may rely on it, no- 
thiug dishonourable shall be d^one op my part: and 1 have 
the greatest reason to believe that yon will act on the same 
principles. X,. inhabitants of this county shall be molest- 
ed either, in person, oj property, who haw nol been guilty, 
of wilful murder, or plundering; it is the duty of •■ 
honest man to bring all such to justice in order to rest 
harmony and peace once more to our country. 

1 am your obedient humble servant 

M.rmrwR.MMv 
h ' "'■ l'"n<l hnunng 

perfng. 

Also the following letter was left at Mr Poanv s by the 
three gentlemen before mentioned. 



[4«] 

TUESDAY morking 
Sir 

Agreeable to Capt. Ramsay's letter left tor you, we 
came up to Mr Rearce's, when we made no doubt of seeing 
you. I have seen his instructions to parole you, and YOU 
may depend no trap is meant for you, to any of our know- 
ledge Kay and McDugald wire received in the same 
manner, and no man offered to molest them. Our orders 
were to have returned last night, and the li^ht, Horse under 
the command of ("apt. Ramsay kept buck, until our return : 
Therefore we cannot possibly stay any longer. If you en- 
cline to accept the terms offered, which Capt. Ramsay can- 
not alter, you will meet us at Baalam Thompson's with as 
many ot your men as yon please ; as can be received 
according to the terms, you propose : and are your obt. 

s 6 r v ts . 

( James Williams. 

Oofi'o David Fanning i A. Clark. 

[ Jno. Burns. 

In the course of this correspondence, endeavouring to 
make peace, 1 had reason to believe they did not intend to 
be as good as their words; as three of their people followed. 
Capt. Linley: and cut him to pieces with their swords. I 
was immediately informed of it, and kept a look out for 
them. Five days after their return. I took two them and 
hung them, by way of retaliation, both on the limb of the 
same tree ; the third made his escape. After this Coin. 
Alston, who was a prisoner of war, at this time, came to 
me,' at Genl. Butler's request, to know if I was willing to 
come to any terms. I asked, the reason, why the Governor 
had not answered my letter, and what was the cause of 
their behaviour to Capt. Linly : I, then, with a number of 
my Officers, set down, and wrote the following letter to 
General Butler. 



[4*»] 

• Sri;. 0o Friday tlic 7tli of J any. Inst I wrote to Mv. 
Williams, the terms I was willing to come under : he wrote 
for answer that be could in it comply with my terms, until 
he had tin- approbation of the Governor. < »n Wednesday 
the 11th inst. a flag was to meet me at Winsor Pearce's : 
with a letter. But on its approach, it was waylaid by 
Capt. (Colston with a party of men which had more the 
appearance of treachery than a wish for peace Had not 
the gentleman i Mr. Balaam Thompson | acted as honourable, 
for the minute he arrived he let me km« it. an<l declared 
himself innocent. This pave me reason to think he would 
act with honour : still on the l.">th in-*. Mtesmn Williams. 
(lark, and Burns: the three gentlemen that were kind 

uh 1. 1 wait upon me, with a blank parole, and h 
from ('apt. Ramsay — who mentioned in his letter that mv 
retpiest "a- granted by the dovei nor : in the mean time, 
the gentlemen waiting on me at the place appointed, then' 
came around a ci •iiii:m;. from t he 1 law -held'*, commanded by 
Capt. Keorely. which |ilainly and evidently appear 
there was nothing but treachery iiumiiI . On Sundav the 
10th «'t 1oh\ I tcdl in the rear of lap! nd Capt 

Hinds, and following their tiail.eame ot) ti , dirk. 

Alter some tiring that night 1 role otf. and came on thorn 
next nieiiiiiie;. .-ind wee:inie.in terms till I could 

write to their superior officer, for which 1 consulted mv 
officers, and we joined hand and heart to OOippty with the 
terms hereunder written. 
- 

•• We the Subscribers d.i acknowledge ourselves fSdfeji 
to his Hi itanie Majesty, as von are well assured ot Q*r fi- 
delity, zeal, and loyalty, to his M rumeiit. As 
it has been daily the case that we have been distroviriir. 
one anothers propeity to support and uphold our opinions, 
and we are hereto willing toicoan turn* of .arm*, not 



[50] 

under six months, nor exceeding twelve ; conditions under- 
written. 

]. Cur request is from Cumberland twenty miles N. it 
S ; and thirty miles E. & W : to be totally clear of your 
light Horse. 

2d. request is for every man that has been in actual 
arms, in a permanent manner, in order to establish a Bri- 
tish government, (except those who have diserted from a 
regular troop that has voluntarily listed themselves,) then 
we do obligate to deliver up each and every man shall have 
a right to withdraw themselves in said district. 

3d. If any of our men should go out of said district to 
plunder, or distress, or murder any of the American party, 
we will, by information made to me, Major Bains, or any of 
the Captains return their names ; if the request is granted, 
they shall immediately be apprehended and sent by any of- 
ficer appointed by you to he tried by your own laws. 

4th. If any of your party shall be cat died plundering, 
stealing or murdering, or going private paths, with arms 
signifying as if they were for mischief, these are to be left 
to our pleasure to deal with as circumstances agreeable to 
our laws. All public reads to be travelled by any person, 
or copany unmolested, if he behave himself as becomes an 
honest man, or any Army or company or wagons keeping 
the public roads. 

5. Every person that has been in actual arms in manner 
aforesaid, in order to support or establish a British Govern- 
ment, shall not he interrupted of their arms, provision, per- 
son or property. If any one residing within the said dis- 
trict, who are subjects to the States should want provisions, 
or any other article from, by sending to either of the offi- 
cers that I shall appoint for that purpose, or use we will 
send a sufficient guard to see, them safe and out unmolest- 
ed. (Quakers excepted from anything whatever. 



[51] 

6. That I will not, in the mean time disturb or distress 
any person, or persons abiding by your laws in said dis- 
trict. All back plundering shall be void ; as it is imj 

ble to replace or restore all the plunder on either side. 

7. Our request is to have free trade with any pott with 
waggons, or horseback without arms : with a pass from 
any appointed Officer R>r salt or any other necessaries and 
use. Except the two Coxe's mills to be free from any in- 
cumbrance of all parties belonging to t lie- Americans. 

8th. Any of my men that has been returned a Continen- 
tal without taking the bounty, that has bom in actual 
vice as above mentioned shall return in said district. 

9th. If our request is granted as above written I request 
it may be Rent to me by 8th of .March : as 1 may forward to 
my further determinations ; if I cannot have any request 
granted. I shall exact and point out every deplausible 
measures in order to suppress every person in amis against 
his Britanic majesty. J am your most obedient humble 
serv't (Jiven under my hand and ' ' arm as aforesaid 

I'wm I'wnin,, Col Com. Loyal Mi 
John Rains, Maj'r 
William Rains, Cap't 
•h>us CaVm, " 

Wm. V]\hK. " 

Al)\ER S.MW/I.Y " 

•i icon M raw i / 
T<> GohH Hiillrr, (fen'l of Hffltboro District. 

Prf, irony of Co? Ptn/i), Jhlon 

Copy of letter of (.en 1 P.utler. 

MOCNT Pi.easwt tlh Starch 1?82 
Dear Rtu 

Your letter of 2fith of last month was handed to me 

last night. T have observed the contents 1| M ,1 vmi pro- 



[62 j 



posed that you and tlie men now in actual .service with you 
would have taken a parole to some eertain bounds, until 
you could have been sent to Charleston, to he exchanged, I 
should have entered into that, business. But your proposi- 
tions are many, and some of them uncustomary in like- 
cases. I conceive it out of my power — However as his Ex- 
cellency Governor Burke is now at Halifax I will send him 
your letter with the proposals to him by express. This is 
now the 5th day of March ; of course, it must be several 
days after the 8th before his answer can come to hand ; in 
the mean time it may be as well to postpone the desperate 
measures, you have in contemplation. 
I am your obed servt. 

doux Butler. B. G. for 

JfiUable (litirict 

P. S. If you would not choose to be confined in bounds 
any length of time, it might be contrived so that you might 
lie sent oft' immediately tinder an Escort of my appointing 
to General Greene. He has promised to have all such ex- 
changed which I send to his quarters. 

John Butler B. G. 

About the 7th March 1782 Capt, Walker and Currie, of 
the Loyal Militia fell in, with a party of Rebels, and came 
to an engagement, aud tired for some time, 'till the rebels 
had fired all their ammunition ; and then, wished to come 
to terms of peace between each party ; and no plundering, 
killing or murdering should be committed by either party 
or side ; which was concluded upon by each Colonel, for 
such certain limited bounds ; which was to be agreed upon 
by each Colo : and |f they could not agree, each party was 
to be neutral until matters was made known, respecting 
the terms which they had to agree upon. .Soon after my 
men came to me and informed what they had done : we 



receiveil the rebel Col. Balfour's answer ; that "there was 20 
resting place for a tory's foot upon the Earth.'' He also 
immediately sent out his party, and on the 10th, I saw the 
same company coming to a certain house where we were 
fiddling and dancing. We immediately prepared ourselves 
in readiness to receive them, their Dumber being 27 and 
our number only seven : We immediately mounted our 
horses, and went some little distance from the house, and 
commenced a tire, for some considerable time ; night com- 
ing "U they retreated, and hit the ground. Some time 
before, while, we were treating with each other, 1 had or- 
dered and collected twenty-ri\e men to have a certain dress 
made which was linnen frocks, died black . with red cutis, 
red elbows, and rid shoulder cape also, and belted with 
s ■ailet, Which was a total ois^ui-c t<> the lebeh, which the 
red was all fringed with white fiinge, and on the 12th of 
March. m\ men being all properly equipped, assembled 
together, in order, to give them a small bo urge, which 
we set out tor. On Balfour.'e plantation, when we came 
upon him, he endeavored to make Lis en-ape ; but we Soon 
prevented him. fired at him. and wouridtd him. The tir.st 
ball he received was through ooe rif bis arms, and ranged 
through his body ; the other through his neck : which put 
an end to his commiting any more ill dee N. 

We also wounded another of his men. We then pro- 
ceeded to their Colonel's (Colliery) belonging to said cunty 
^f Randolph : on our way we burnt several rebel houses. 
and eatelie.l several piisoneis: the iiieht coming on and 
the distance to said i ',.1 lier ia . w is s,,!a:.tliat it was late 
before we got there. He made bis < seapo. bating rceeived 
three balls through his shirt Hut I took care to dtstroy 
the whole of his plantation. 1 then persiicd our route, and 
came, to one (apt. John Bryan's ; another rebel t-ffieer. I 
bold him if he irofild do»W out of the house, 1 would give 



1 ^ 1 

liim parole ; which lie refused, saying that he hail taken 
parole from Lord Cornwallis , swearing "by (iod ! he had 
broken that and that lie would also hreak our Tory parole. 
With that I immediately ordered the house to he set on 
fire, which was instantly done. As soon as he saw the 
flames of the tire, cncreasing, he called out to me, aud 
desired me to spare his house, tor his wife's and children's 
sake, and he would walk out with his arms in his hands. 
I immediately answered him, that if he walked out, that 
his house should be saved, for his wife and children. When 
he came out, he said " Here, damn, you,' here I am. I' 
With that lie received two balls through his body: He 
came out with his gun cocked, and swerd at the same time. 

The next day following being the 13th maich, was their 
election day to appoint Assembly men, and was to meet at 
Randolph Court House. I proceeded on in order to see the 
gentlemen representatives ; On their getting intelligence 
of my coming they immediately scattered ; I prevented 
their doing any thing that day. 

From thence I proceeded on, to one Major Dugiu's house, 
or plantation, and I distroyed all his property ; and all the 
rebel officers property in the settlement fob the distance of 
forty miles. 

On our way I catched a commissary from Salisbury who 
had some of my men prisoners and almost perished them, 
and wanted to hang some of thi m. 1 carried him imme- 
diately to a certain tree, where they had hung one of my 
men by the name of Jackson, and delivered him up to some 
of my men, who he had treated ill when prisoners ; and 
they immediately bung him. After hanging 15 minutes 
they cut him down. In the mean time there was about 
I500 rebels who had embodied themselves and came after us ; 
On account of the rainy weather our guns would not fire 
on either side. We were obliged to retreat, on account of 




■/ / 



// 












their numbers lx?ing so much superior. We had received 
no damage. About the 8th of Apl. a certain Capt Wil- 
liams came into the settlement, and sent an old woman to 
me. to inform me. that he had arrived from C.ovi . Burke 
that instant ; and had come in order to Bee mc : which In- 
ner description, I and my little party, immediately met 
him, and he inarmed me, that he had come to know if I 
was willing to come upon the terms I had already presented ; 
and requested to haw from under my own hand a true 
copy of them ; that the Governor would do every thing in 
his power to have the same agreed upon by his Council and 
Assembly : lor which purpose the said William* was sint 
from the Governor, He also told me. that the Uoveruor 
had said, that any thing I should do, or cause to be done, 
from the character, he heard from the British at Charles- 
town, that he had not the least doubt, tiny would assent 
to ;— that he wished to make peace with me .- saying if I 
was taken prisoner, and killed; that 100 would certainly 
lose their lives for it ; and he looked upon it much better 
to come to terms of peace— that he heard in Charlestown, 
I was killed : which occasioned him to run away from 
Charlestown ; Upon which 1 gave him a copy of the articles 
which I wished to comply to. With which he ordered the 
Light Horse to depart to their different stations, till they 
received orders from tin; Governor and Council- 

As 1 was obliged to lay neutral until I received their 
answer, which was to be upon terms of honour on both 
sides, as the different captains commanding tin- light fa 
wrote to in.- respecting, the same ; as Appears by the follow- 
ing letters. 

"SlR, I reeeivod a lew lines tins day, from ('apt Ed- 
ward Williams, informing me. that you and be, had come 
down \ esterdav . and sigmlied that, you and he. are upon 
terms of compromising matters, on condition, that I will 



I « ■] 

stop tlie County light horse from persuing you — You may 
rest assured, that it is lny desire to be at peace with all 
ineu — Cap't Riddle and his company are at the Court 
House. 1 have ordered him to stand there, until further or- 
ders ; and will send aftert'ap't Pol.-ton and desire him also; 
I shall set oil' this morning to the Assembly, and if it is in 
in my power to do, or cause anything to he done, that shall 
cause peace and harmony over the land, you may rest assur- 
ed I will do my best ; and second ('apt Williams, though he 
gave me no account o\' your proposals ; and am 

with respect your humble terv't 
Ap'l 9th 1782 IIouer Griffith Major 

To Colo David Fanniiuj. 

Cami- at MoCan A V 10 17>- 

1 received orders from Maj G i itritli concerning some 
terms between you and him and shall withdraw my men 
and Cap't Colston's as we are both together, and will not 
proceed any further after apprehending yon or yours, un- 
less you come into our county doing mischief, until further 

orders. 

From your humble serv't 

To Col'o Dnviil t'onnhifj JosBlIl' llosi-R 

Hoping you nor yours will not interupt any of the inhah- 

itantsof Chatham until matters are further settled. 

WlM.IAM (ioLSTON 

StR, 1 received your letter which gives me great satisfac- 
tion to hear that you, and .some of the officers, have come 
upon terms of peace; which is all I could crave; but I 
should be glad with one of the olliccrs in company, to meet 
you and have some conversation together, and he upon 



[57] 

honour. It' we can come upon terms agreeable to- both. I 
should immediately march my company home. I shall he 
at Mr. Mullins, this evening at two o'clock : and if you can 
meet us and converse across the river, or any other place 
you will choose. 

Ap'l 12th If 83 1 am. Sir. Your ol/t 

To Thomas Doug in 

Col' o I hi rid Fanning Oaptaikt of Light Iforxr 

\c'r Krii msa 

Sm 

1. as an otHcer in behalf of the State of North Carolina. 
have turned out, in order to suppress any persons disturb- 
ing tlie peace of said State: hut when 1 arrived at lbei. 
Kivrr. I understood that you. and Cap'ts Williams, £ ]Cu- 
p"i. were about to make a treaty of peace . which I ap- 
proved of very well : and withdrew my troop towaids 
home. Hut my en at BUrpfj 8, mi m\ way. 1 learned that 
your men, were robbing the peaceful and inolfensive peo- 
ple of Cane Creek, and Roekej Kiver .•; which wicked con- 
duct, and the great desire, I had. for the welfare of my 
Country, induced nic to stay, a little longer, and endeavour 
to -top Mich robbery. I therelorc wish to inform you. that 
I did not pretend with any view of making you any V*J 
dishonourable, but many per- mis BOJ owinir true allegi- 
aneotothe laws of this State, are running at large ; and 
call you their oilieer. .-\s 1 hope you a gentleman, and 
will not protect any vagab<>n,|. I will thank you, to let me 
know every part icular of your Treaty: what bounds } <>u 
have ; and upon the honour ofa gentleman. I will not inter- 
rupt any person within said bounds, that is of good char- 
acter with you. 1 would recornJcuerul, that you order .Jo- 
seph Currie. and l'dair. to return the widow Pixon'spro- 



[ 58 1 

!>< rty, which they robbed her of; and I will not write to the 
Governor concerning it, as you want peace. He would 
think very little of your honour, it' he heard that, your men 
were robbing his people, after you had petitioned to hiru. 

I am, Sir, in behalf of the State, 
To Col' o David Fanning . I Edwakd Guix, Cu/'tnin 

About the 18th of April Captain Williams, came to me, 
again, at Fork Creek and informed me that the original ar- 
ticles of treaty had been laid before the Governor, and As- 
sembly ; and they were upon a conclusion of granting me 
the terms 1 wanted ; but were prevented by a Colonel, who 
came from over the mountains and was one of the Assem- 
bly, who did every thing against it. Their objections 
were ; the articles respecting the Continental soldiers taken 
up, and they could not allow any passports for any of the 
friends of the government to have any correspondence or 
connections with the British. Every other article they 
were willing to grant. Their Assembly continued on the 
business for three days ; as Mr Williams informed me. My 
answer was that li 1 would forfeit my life, before I would 
withdraw any one of the articles, that I had presented, as 1 
wished to hold the same connection with the British, as 
formerly ;' 1 likewise told him. that 1 had understood, that 
they had picked out twenty four of their best, horses, and 
men, from Virginia in order to persue me. and my answer 
to Mr. Williams was " they might do their best, and he 
damned" as I was fully determined to still support my in- 
tegrity, and to exert myself in behalf of the King and 
country more severer than ever I did." With this Mr. 
Williams departed. 

1, then set out for Chatham, when I learned that a wed- 
ding was to be that day. On my way I took one prisoner, 
before I came to the house. There, being but five of ns. 



[59] 

we immediately surrounded the house in full charge. I or- 
dered them, immediately out of the House : three of my 
men went into the bouse and drove them all out one by 
one ; I caused them all to stand in a row to examine them, 
to see if I knew any of them that was had men. I 
found one, by the name of William Doudy. concealed up 
stairs. One of my men fired at him j as he was run- 
ning from one house to th" other ; Ke received the hall in 
his shoulder. I then having my pistols in my hand, dis- 
charged them both at his breast, with which ho fell, and 
that night, expired. I tli. d paroled the rest, on the i&thi 

I concluded within myself, t hat it was better for me to 
try and settle myself, being weary o4 the disagreeable 
mode of living 1 had home with for some considerable 
time. For the many kindness and the civility of a gentle- 
man who lived in the settlement, of Deep River, J was in- 
duced to pay my tidd?&86s to hie daughter, si young ladv 
of sixteen years of ftgfe The day btf Marriage being ap- 
pointed: — on making it known to my people, ('apt Wil- 
liam Hooker, and Captain William < 'an. a-ned to be mar- 
ried with nie. They both left me to make themselves, and 
their intended wives ready. The day before, we *verc to be 
coupled, the Rebels, before mentioned , with those good 
horses, attack' -d us i< .ij.'t Hooker* horse being tied so last 
he could nu! gel him loose. i they caught him and mur- 
dered him on the spot Myiself and I apt » irr. were mar- 
ried and kept two days merriment. The Rebels thought 
they were sure of me then; however 1 book my wile and 
concealed her. in the woods with Cap t Can's ; and caused 
an oration to be put out. that 1 nri bo charlestown. 

In Order to be convinced, the Rebels sent a man in, as a 
spy. with two letters from '■ ! I Leslie with instructions 
for me to enlist men for the service which 1 knew was forjr- 
ed. in order to betray me and from the person or Command 



60 j 

ing 1 Officer of the Rebel light horse. The following is one of 
which 1 gaveUen'l Leslie, that had his name singed to it. 

i 
Chaklestowx 'lOtli Jan. 1782 
Deak Colonel, 

Altho I have not he happiness of being acquainted with 
you, yet T can applaud you very much, for your spirited 
conduct and activity. The only objection I have to youf 
conduct, is your being too strenuous with those who have 
been subjects to bis Majesty, whom the Rebels have over- 
come and forced them to comply with their laws. If you 
would let them alone, the severity of the Rebels would 
cause them to return to their allegiance again. But Sir 
since you have made so brave a stand already, pray stand 
steadfast to the end, and we shall be well rewarded at the 
last. Try to spirit up your men, and enlist, if possible, 
three hundred men this spring, ready to join three hun- 
dred more ; which shall be put under your command ; and 
as many more as you can get, and you be Brigadier Gen- 
eral of them. We shall, I hope in the month of May land 
1.300 troops in North Carolina, 300 of your corps, 1600 in 
the whole, to act upon the defensive, until you are reiu- 
ibrced . 

Keep good discipline among your troops, and keep out 
fellows, who will do nothing but plunder. They are but. 
false dependence, and will not fight, but only corrupt goad 
men. Every man you inlist for 12 mouths, shall receive ten 
guineas ; and a full suit of clothes ; as soon as we land our 
troops, and they appear under your command ready for action. 
I can assure you, lis your fame and worthy actions has, 
through and by Maj'r Craigg given, reached his Majesty's 
ears, and I expect perhaps by the next packet boat you will get 
a genteel present from our gracious Sovereign. So hoping 
that vein will be in the wav of your duty, I will take leav of 



[61] 

yuii. without mentioning your name. «t subscribing mine, 
lest this might paiscarrj -the man who is entrusted with 
the care of this, dares n..t at present he seen in it : hut a 
friend and send it to the man as is Sir y..ur> 

Tn i ' i Fanning in No Ca 

A fettUt t") ..tn the traitor who l.roiiirlit tliese two letters 
from i ieti'] I ><-- 1 i>- 

Silt 

1 would come t.. set you myself, hut am afraid of the 
rehel light hor.se. I have a great many thing? to acquaint 
yon with . 1 1 1 < 1 i e,„„l ileal of good news, hnt dare not write 
fur tear ot mis, ait iau r <\ It you have any desire oj sj 
me jrbU tnual com,' soon away, instantly. Imn't ht the 

bearer knon the cnftenU of the letters- -The fewer 'iusie,t 
trie bettor. In tin- mean time 

1 am your friend a *;<l sej \ t 

-h'l -".»/// IT- .Io.umi Wilson 

'JbCol'n /•'a/i'iiii'/ 



.My answer was in Maj'r Rains' name as follows . 
Sir.. 

I atn \ rt\ snrrvto think that there is so main damned fool- 
ish Rebels in t iir world, as to think Ool'o Fanning would be 
ever de.-i ive.1 by such damned internal writings. a s I have 
ived from yon. ( 'oho Fanning is gone to Charleston, 
and is not to return here 'till he comes with forpes sufficient to 
defend this part of the countrj, I would have you to dis- 
haiul : ami be gone, immediately ; for if I ever hear of any- 
one of your people eoiuing with any thing of the sort. 7 will 



[62] 



come and kill them myself. I am in belialf of his Majesty's 
armies John Rains 

Major of the Loyal Militia. 
To Jos. Wilson. 



On the 1st of May 1782 I heard of a w,agftD being in the 
road, I imagined she was going down to market, as I heard 
of a number of wagons which was to proceed down with li- 
quor to the market On the 2d I mounted and persued the 
wagon; which I heard of the day before; as I was about 
setting out for Charleston 1 concluded to have a frolic with 
my old friends, before we parted. After riding about ten 
miles, I overtook the Said wagon, which belonged to a cer- 
tain man who had been taken prisoner and paroled by the 
British; and had broken his parole-. In the mean time, I 
was examining his papers I set a centinel over him. He 
knowing himself guilty, expected nothing but death. He 
took the opportunity, and sprung upon my- riding mare, 
and went oil' with my saddle, holsters, pistols, and all my 
papers of any consequence to me. We fired two guns at him; 
he received two balls through bis body but it did not prevent 
him from sitting the saddle ; and make his escape. I took the 
other man, and caused him to takeme totiie man's plantation; 
when I took his wife, and three negro boys, and eight head 
of horses. I kept his wife for three days in the woods; and 
sent the man to see, if he would deliver up my marc, and 
property, containing my papers ; for which be wrote me 
the following insolent, letter. 

Sir, Uol'o Fanning, I hope that you do not blame me 
for what I (lid. Hoping you will have mercy on me, as I 
am wounded, and let my wife come to me. Your mare 
shall be returned to von without fail. Your mare 1 don't 






[63] 

crave, an I I hope you dont covet mine. I beg that you 
will have pity on my wile and children. The negroes and 
hois, > L am willing you shall keep until you ge$ your mate 
I have s.'iu to a Doeto*. J'.ut the mare will be back to 
night. Xo move, but you may depend Pfl my word 

AHDRBW Hi.ntlr. 

I also received the following letter from Edw'd Wil- 
liams. on the subject of the M 

Stk. These tew lino- to f-t you know that 1 have 

this- day seen Mr. Hmuer : he is badly wounded and de- 
sir. •* you would let his wife come to him immediately: As 
to the rest of his pro- i are welcome to keep, until 

such time's y air mare returned, which will he as 

soon as possible, as she lias gone at this time after the Doc- 
tor. l!ut she shall hi returned to you, with all speed, as 
i a- she returns. Mr. Hunter also is very ill. 

1 am your ob'1 humble servant 
'.-<;/ Edward Williams 

the 7th of May. finding I could see no opportunity of 
getting my mare, notwithstanding she was my prin- 

cipal creatures, and a mare I - ' -'ore by, and gave 

One Hundred and ten guineas for her. I was obliged 

lei sc all his horses, except one. as they w; 

no Account to me, in the situation T was in ; the nc- 
- T kept ; I then proceeded to a Maj r's truce 

land in Pcdce in South Carolina^ where 1 had made a truce 
with tin " i time la-fore : and I continued there 

until June, when I let't my wife, ' >cs ; as I 

was entirely a stranger to the situation of the country and 
toads. 1 was obliged tt< procure a pilot to proceed to Charles- 
town : 1 could not get one tor less than 26 gin After 
my departure 1 fell in with the rebel dragoons commanded 



I 64 j 

by Colo. Bailie, from Virginia. I was with them for about 
an hour; and informed them that we wero some of the 
rebel party then on our way to General Marion's head 
quarters. They never discovered otherwise ; it being in 
the dusk of the evening. We fell into the roar, and went 
into the woods and struck our camp, and promised them 
wo would see them next morning. However we proceeded 
on that night, and arrived at Herald's point on the 17th 
of June, and I immediately procured a passage to Charles- 
town, when I immediately applied for a flag; to send after 
Mrs. Fanning and property. The flag had left Charles- 
town two days, when she came in, as Maj. Gainey, had ap- 
plied to General Marion, for a pass for her, to proceed to 
Charlestown ; He would not let her have any of our pro- 
perty, not even a negro to wait on her. 

Soon after the Loyalists, that had got to Charlestown 
from different parts of the world hearing that the Southern 
Colonies were to be evacuated by the British forces, called 
a meeting to point out some measures to try to hold some 
foothold in the couutry, until we had got some part pay- 
ment for our property which we were obliged to leave if we 
ever left the country. Hand bills were printed and stuck 
up throughout the town for the Loyalists to choose their 
representatives to represent our situation and the desire we 
had to support ourselves and property. It was proposed 
that 25 Gentlemen should be choosen a committee for that 
purpose. The day was appointed to take the vote. I was 
choosen amongst others ; and drew up a petition and sent 
to Sir Guy Carlet on Commander in Chief; 21 praying the 
liberty of keeping the town and artillery, as they then 
stood on the works ; and despatched two gentlemen off with 
our petition ; Our request was not granted. 1 have here- 



[05] 

unto set forth the names of the gentlemen representatives ; 

Col'o Ballingall, 22 Jas Johnston Esq, 

Robert Williams Esq, 23 Lt Colo Dupont, 

Colo Roht Wm Powell, Colo Gray, 

John GailliardEsq, 24 Col Cassels, 

John Rose Col Pearson, 

Maj WM. Greenwood.' 5 Col Philips. 

Maj Gabriel Capers, 2 ' Col'o Hamilton, 

Lt Col'o Thos Inglis, Wm Carson,*' 

John Hopton E> Dr Wm Charles Wells, 

Robt Johnston, E I Thomas Edgehill, 
John Champni— . 

Andrew Millar K-=q. 28 Col Sam'l Bryan, 

Col'o David Fanning, Doct. Bar On. 

I continued in Charlestown until the ;">th of Sept. and 
my borseB having gol recruited, and our of my negroes 
having made hie way good through the country, caste down 
to me ; I then sot out tor the country again, on account of 
my misfortune of losing my Mare, which was of gre»1 
value to me. 1 went up to t lie settlement again, to the 
man I sent to Hunter before; and, he informed me, that 
Hunter refused live ne gro es for the mare, and would not 
return her. He also, went to where, I left one of the 
negroes and to.de him and sent him over the mountains to 
k< ' p him nut bf my way. I continued in the settlement 
until the 22d of the month, tryin. her but was dis- 

appointed in my hopes. Knowing that Chath*town was 
to be evacuated, 1 was obliged to return ; and as I was on 
my way, I understood my mare was at a certain place, 
about 125 miles frons Charlestown : being about half the 
distance from Where, I then was, toward Charlestown. I 
instantly persucd, oy my journey to the place, I heard she 
was : and my riding horse was so particularly known. 1 



[66] 

sent a man up to tbe house and lie was known ; they directed 
us, the wrong way, and immediately sent word to where 
my mare was : I found out, we was wrong ; and took 
through the woods, and to a house within a half a mile, 
where they had word of my coming and was making ready 
to go to their assistance. On seeing us come up, he imme- 
diately left his horse, and was running off through a field ; 
he turned round and presented his piece and snapped ; but 
she missed fire ; With this, I ordered one of my men, to 
fire at him, who shot him through the body, and dispatched 
his presence from this world. The other two men that was 
at the house, did not run ; and informed me that they had 
received word of my coming a half an hour before I ar- 
rived ; and also that there were men lying in ambush ready 
to attack me. With this, as the man who had my mare 
had gone off with her, and having only two men and my 
negro that set out with me from Charlestown, also two 
little negroes that I had for my mare, I thought it was my 
best way to proceed to Charlestown ; and on the 28th Sept. 
I arrived at Charlestown, where the shipping was ready 
for me to embark for St. Augustine. 



East Florida 
We whose names are hereunto subscribed do hereby cer- 
tify, that Col'o David Fanning, late of the Province of No. 
Ca., acted in the station of Col'o of Militia of that Pro- 
vince, and was of the greatest service to his Majesty, in 
suppressing the rebels during the late rebellion in North 
America; that he is worthy of every loyal subject; both 
for his valour, and good conduct; — that after he with his 
men took the town of Hillsborough, dispersed the rebel 
council, and took a great number of prisoners, was on that 



[67 | 

day wounded in the left arm— that finding the town of Wil- 
mington evacuated by the British troops, and his wound 
not yet well, he for the safety of his people divided them, 
into small parties, and continued a long time in the back 
woods— that after many skirmishes in No. Ca. in the month 
of June 1782 he with the utmost difficulty made his way 
through many interruptions of the enemy," to the province 
of South Carolina: where his Majesty's troops then lay ; 
and that he was obliged to leave the province, where he 
lived and his property, which we are informed was con- 
siderable : and. that, he is now without the means of sub- 
sistence, having lost his all, for and on account of his ser- 
vices and attachment to his Majesty's person and govern- 
ment. 
St Augustine Jobs H vmii.t-v. 

20th Sept 1783 Lt ( R tf <• Hegt. 

JOHS LfcQETT, Capt 

//. -V Reg( 

Alx. Campbell, Capt 

Dawkdjs Capt S. C. Regt. 
Daniel McNeil Capt R 

X. C Regt 
Moses Whttm \ r.f. $. r Begt. 



Scherfuel of the property of Col'o David Fanning late resi- 
dent of the province of No . Ca. but now of the province 
of East Florida, lost to him on account of his Zeal and 
Attachment to the British Government and never re- 
ceived any part or parcel thereof or any restoration of 
the same, viz : 

550 acres of Land in Amelia County in the Pro- 
vince of Virginia with a dwelling House and 



[68] 

other necessury buildings, a large apple and 

Peach Orchard, and large enclosed improve- £. 8. 

ments - - - 687.10 

550 acres of land near said plantation heir to 
the estate of my father and some improvement 

with a dwelling House - - 412.00 

3 Saddle Horses - - - 41.00 

12 plantation Horses, three unbroke - 96.00 

2 negro Slaves - - - 100. 

Debts, notes, bonds &c - - - 289. 



£ 1625.10 

Personally appeared before me, one of his Majesty's 
Justices of the Peace St Augustine Province of East Flo- 
rida, Lieutenant Charles Roberson ; Niell Mclnnis; and 
Philip Wisunpunt; Refugees, of said East Florida ; who 
being culled upon by the within mentioned Col'o David 
Fanning, to value the within mentioned property, who be- 
ing duly sworne; and maketh oath upon the Holy Evan- 
gelists of Almighty God ; that the within mentioned 
property, are well woith the sums affixed to each article, 
as near the value as possible, if the same was to be sold, 
.to their own knowledge and the best information they could 
get. Charles Uoberson 

Sworne at St. Augustine Neil McIxnis 

this 25 Nov. 1783 before me Philip Wiiisukpunt 

John Mills. J. P. 

1 took my passage and landed in New Brunswick on 23d 
Sept 1784, and went to Halifax to his Excellency, the Gov- 
ernor Carlton to know how I should get land, but he had 
not arrived, so returned on the 7th Nov'r and in August I 
received the following letter from. Col'o John Hamilton in 
answer to mine in regard to my claim. 



{69 | 

Dear Sir, 

I receive.! yours of the 9th Feb 1TS.3 a few days ago and 
notice the contents. I am sorry to inform you that your 
claims are not yet given in, but I expect the office for re- 
ceiving Claims will be opened again by act of Parliament 
this session ; when you may depend proper care shall be ta- 
ken of yours. I am sorry to bear of your losses. I hope 
you are now agreeably settled, and making something for 
your family. 1 think if you can leave your business in pro- 
per hands, a trip to this country would be of service to you, 
tho' I don't think you would get half pa}-, The Govern- 
ment would settle an annuity on you for life: which can- 
not be done without your coming here. 

If you come you may depend on all my interest in your 
favour, and 1 cannot help thinking it worth your while to 
come henna 

I am dear Sir your 
London humble serrt 

May 10th lT,s;» John IKmutox. 

In a short time after I heard that there was another act 
of Parliament passed to receive Claims for losses and ser- 
vices, also that the Commissioners had arrived at Hali- 
fax. On the 20th March, I set out for Halifax, and 
presented a copy of my claim, as follows ; 

To the Honourable Commissioners appointed by act of Par- 
liament, further to enquire into the losses and services of 
the American Loyalists. 

The Memorial of David Fanning, late Col'oof the North 
Carolina Militia, humbly sheweth ; That your Memorialist 
is a Loyalist from North Carolina ; who uniformly and re- 
ligiously adhered to his duty and loyalty to the best of Sov- 
ereigns ; for which he Suffered persecution, and many other 
inconveniences— that your Memorialist, by a warrant from 



[70] 

Major Craigg of the 82d Reg't then commanding at Wil- 
mington was placed at the head of the Militia of that pro- 
vince — that, your memorialist during the late war, did com- 
mand i'rotu one to nine hundred and fifty men ; with whom 
he was engaged in six and thirty skirmishes in North t'ar- 
olina, and four in South Carolina; all of which were of his 
own planning and in which he had the hodour to command 
— that your Memorialist killed many <*f tlie Rebels— and 
took many of them prisoners. Anions the latter, were, 
Governor Rurke, his council, and many Officers of distinc- 
tion in the Rebel army— that your .Memorialist was during 
that time, twice wounded, and fourteen times taken pris- 
oner : That, on the conclusion of peace j your Memorialist 
settled two hundred and fifty souls in East Florida; and 
having took refuge in several parts of his Majesty's remain- 
ing possessions in America, finally settled in the province 
of New Brunswick where he now is, in great distress, with 
his family. That your Memorialist, in consequence of his 
said loyalty, to his Sovereign; the many services rendered 
him; and attachment to the British Government, had his 
property, real and personal, seized, confiscated, and sold by- 
rebel authority — Your Memorialist therefore prays that his 
case may he taken into consideration ; in order that he may 
he enabled under your report to receive such aid or relief, 
as bis case may he found to deserve. 
St John March 1st 178fi David Fanning 

When 1 presented my claim to Peter Hunter Secretary to 
the Commissioners ; he gave me no kind of satisfaction, and 
on my asking him if I could come under an examination, be 
told me to be gone, he did not think the Commissioners 
would receive my claim. When I fjund, I could get no bear- 
ing at Halifax, at that time, I returned home with a full reso- 
lution never to trouble myself any more. At the time of 



[ 71 1 

being in Halifax I met my old friend. Cap'tJohu Leggett, 
of the Royal North Carolina Regiment, who said lie would 
speak to tlie Commissioners in my favour. He also gave 
me a copy of the following letter from Lieut Colo Arch Mc- 
Kay. — 

London- Wov low 1VS5. 
Dlar Captun- 

Ever mindful of your goodwill and the kindness yon 
showed unto me since I had the pleasure of being acquaint- 
ed, with you induces me to write you a few lines at present 
informing you of my success since I came to England, 
knowing you would be glad to hear of the provision made 
for me. When I came to England, I go! a, hearing by the 
Commissioners of American claims, and they granted me 
Thirty pounds, yearly for temporary subsistence. I, then, 
laid a memorial to Sii George Young, foi Captains half 
pay ; but I must confess 1 thought riiy chances for that had 
enough, as 1 was not acquainted with any of the Generals 
who commanded in America; but since it was only amuse- 
ment to try, 1 got a certificate from Cul'u - and an- 
other, from Colo Hamilton ; and laid them in with the memori- 
al, it was with a g I man • along time from Oil 

Offlcej at length they allowed me Seventy pounds sterling, 
yearly, fiir life for my services ffi America, exclusive of 
the Thirty pounds. Upon the whole 1 do nut repent coming 
to London, as things Live turned 

1 wrote to Cap't McNeil this morning, riot thinking 1 
should have time to write to you, before IheSfhip sailed, and 
I had not time to write to him so fully, as I could wish ; 
but 1 will mind better next time. 

I intend to spend next summer in Scotlan 1, if every- 
thing turns but here to my expectation. 1 would be glad 
to get a bmg letter from you concerning your new set- 
tlements. You will please to write to me. under cover 



[ ■* ] 

to Messrs. John ami Hector McKay, No. 5. Crown Court, 
Westminster ; and if I am in Britain I shall he sure to 
get any letter that may come for me. Alter my jaunt to 
Scotland I hope to do myself the honour to call and see 
you on my way to New Providence, where Alex'r and Mal- 
com McKays are gone. I am Sir, with due respect 

To Your siucere friend oj liumhle serv't 

Capt John Lecjett. Archibald McKay" 

1 returned home and continued until the 27th June 1787, 
when I was entering the suhurhs of the city of St John, I 
accidently met Ensign Henry Niss, with a letter, from the 
commissioners, desiring me to attend immediately for an 
examination. I still retained my opinion ; hut on inform- 
ing Col'o Joseph Robinson he prevailed with me, after a 
long persuasion, to call and see the Commissioners ; which 
T did ; in company with Col'o Robinson : I was treated with 
every civility and all attention paid to me. After my ex- 
amination they gave me the following certificate. 

" Office of American Claims 
St JohnldFeby 1787. 
We do hereby certify that, David Fanning has under- 
gone an examination on oath before us, as an American 
sufferer from No. Ca. We are satisfied by his own account, 
and by the evidence he has produced, that his exertions in 
support of the British Government, as Col'o of the Cha- 
tham, and Randolph County Militia, during the late trou- 
bles, in America, have been very great and exemplary ; — 
that he has been severely wounded in several engagements 
and has in other respects been a great sufferer ; though 
from particular reasons, it will not be in our power to make 
him any considerable allowance in our report. We there- 
fore recommend him as a proper person to be put on the 



fll] 

half pay list as G.t|itain, ami to have an annual allowance 

from Government equal to that l.ali' pay. 

Thomas Dunpass 
j. b emberton 

After this I received a letter from my Agent and found 
Iliad lost property to tlie amount of £11525. S10. accord- 
ing to an appraisment of three men acquainted with the 
property. But, as it was not like a coat taken out of my 
hand, or gold taken out of my pocket, 1 could not get any- 
thing for my losses, although 1 did not give in nothing 
like the amount of my losses. I lost 24 horses; and only 
reported 1. r > ; one of which cost more than all I ever got 
from the Government ; and six head of cattle, £289 for 
property sold at the commencement of the war. and the 
Land which I was heir to and for which I refused many 
times £3000 Virginia currency. But because I turned out 
in the service of my King and country in the 20th year of 
my age, and my exertions were very exemplary, I have lost 
my all, for and account of my attachment to the British 
Crown— only Sixty pounds received which would not pay 
the expenses I have been at to obtain it. 

I can prove what I have here wrote to be facts, and tin- 
world will be able to judge after reading this narrative ; 
and observe this Act of oblivion passed in N. Carolina in 
the year 1783 which is hereunto annexed — which is en- 
larged and improved in the London .Magazine which will 
be found on page C07. vol. 1. from July 1. to Dec 1. 1783. 
The act of Pardon and Oblivion is there quoted, passed 
17th May 1783 signed by Ricii'd Caswell 

Speah r of St not* 
E Staiike 

Speaker of Commons 

the proviso to the first section declares that " Nothing 



[74 1 

therein contained shall extend pardon to Peter Mallett. 
David Fanning and Samuel Andrews — or any person guilty 
of deliberate and willful murder ; robbery ; rape ; house 
breaking or any of them." 

This narrative concludes — "Many people is fools enough 
to think, hecause our three names is particular put in this 
Act, that we are all guilty of the crimes set forth. — But 1 
defy the world to charge me with rape, or anything more, 
than I have set forth in this Journal. 

All his Majesty's subjects or others that wishes to know 
the truth of any thing further than I have set forth, let 
them make enquiry of those gentlemen whose names I have 
struck in; examine the letters of the Rebels, and the recom- 
mendations of the Officers who have been acquainted with 
me in person and with my services in the time of the late 
war. 

Although I have been exhibited from receiving any ben- 
efits from the laws of the State, all that I desire is to have the 
liherty of commanding 30000 men in favour of the British 
government. I flatter myself that there would be no doubt 
of my putting many of them to swing hy the neck, for 
their honesty, as John White did, after stealing 150 horses 
in North Carolina. 































V 
— I 



NOTES 



Notf 1 Put 1 

Fmsachau, Thomas, should beFletch.all asit is on page 2. He was a Colonel, and 
at the head of a considerable force of Loyalists in South Carolina during the 
difficulties with the Cunninghams, in 17T5: and signed the truce or treaty 
which was agreed upon between the Whigs and their opponents. After the stir- 
render of Charleston, he was in commission under the crown. In 1TS2 his es- 
tate was .onh-iatc,l. lb ■ appeals to have been a person of much consideration 
in South Carolina, previous to the Revolution ; and to have been regarded as of 
rather nndeeid. ,1 politics, thoti-h the fPfalgS made him a memlicr of 

an important standing committee, raised with the design of carrying out tb« 
views of the Continental Congress. 

The following letter written to define his position is published by Gibbes : 

I'aiu I mil " ,, .lu/i/ 2-4, ' ! 

Honored SiB : 

I received yours dalod the 14th ult.. wherein t am informed, that many re- 
ports have been malicioti 1 against me to the Committee of this Province. 
which I can malic appear to be false. 1 received a letter from Messrs. John 
Caldwell, John and .lames Williams, who is said to be committee men. dated the 
4th of this instant, reqm to call my regiment together in order to sign 
sociation paper. A dingly on the 13th of this instant. I did. in obe- 
dience to those gentlemen, and went to every Captains Company that was in 
the regiment, when drawn up. and requested Major Fatry to read the paper to 
every company, whirl, accordingly was done I don't remember that one man 
oSered to sign it which was out ( >| my power to compel them too ; but thai it 
wa9 agreed amongst the people in general to sign a paper of their own resolu- 
tions, and thai application w Joseph Kohinwm. who Mai tie i 
present to dra* a paper of some resolves, which the people in general did sign 
unto, from Savannah river to Broad river, which of mj regiment 
Colonel Starke's regiment, and a part o) _iment. I must 
inform you, sir, there is sonic of our highland gentlemen who are 
aspirin unmissiojt, thinking to get in favor with the gentlemen 
in tonn. w Ul say anything but the truth, and when they are as well known in 
town as tin* an in the eoiintr\. I lielieve they will U- cif my opinion. In 



[78] 



fact we never bud any representatives, not one man in fifty ever gave any vote 
for any such thing. You seem, sir, to intimate to me tliat I should liave joined, 
but the thought of losing my commission seem to deter me. As for my com- 
missions, I care not who has them ; a man that is to lie liought by a commission, 
is not worthy of one, although that is the price of many. 1 must say this in 
favor of myself, I never have concurred in those matters now in hand, knowing 
I was not calculated for such an enterprise: but must inform you, sir, I am 
heartily sorry that I am looked on as an enemy t'> my country. I wish you 
may have no greater reason to complain againBt some, that you little 
suspect, than you have against me. But, in the meantime, I must inform you, 
sir, I am resolved, and do utterly refuse to take up arms against my king, until 
I find it my duty to do otherwise and am fully Convinced thereof. 

I am sir your honor's most obedient and humble servant, 

Tho. Fletchall. 

Hon. H. Laurens . 

President Council of Safety. 

Fair Forest, the residence of Colonel Fletchall. was in Union district South 
Carolina 

Rabcrn's Creek is a branch of Reedy River: and is in Laurens district 
South Carolina. 

"There was a very good prttpttearmg Minister to call at the different places to 
preach and baptize children." 

From Gibbes Doc. History of South Carolina, we learn that the Rev. Wil- 
liam Tennent travelled through this region in company with Hon. W. H. Dray- 
ton at the request of the Committee of Safety of South Carolina. The one for 
the purposes stated by Fanning, the other to rouse the people to the cause of the 
colony. On the 21st Aug., 1775, Mr. Tenneut preached on Long Cane Creek 
"at one of Mr. Harris' preaching stands." This Journal says: "After the ser- 
mon, spoke as usual on the subject of my mission, was seconded by Mr. Harris 
and Mr. Salvador to good effect, returned to Mi-. Reed's. The congregation 
was solemn and affected. Mr. Calhoun and other gentlemen returned with me, 
and spent the evening on subjects fit for the times. ' : 

Tennent' s Journal in Gibbes Doc. His. \*l64-"i6,page 232. 

Mr. Tennent was doubtless the very good prespetearing minister alluded 
to by Fanning. 

Mr Salvador, called in Fanning's illiterate way Silvedoor. 

Note 2. Page. 2 
O'Neal Henry, of South Carolina. Was in commission under the crown after 
the surrender of Charleston. His estate was confiscated. 

Note 3. Page 2. 
Brown Thomas, of Augusta Geogia. Having openly reviled the Whigs at a 
dinner party in 1775. he was arrested, tried and condemned to be tarred and 




W.II.Dhayton V.so* 



[79] 



feathered, nnd pnbli. 1\ expo:-ed in a cart, to bedrawu ihtec mile-. r,r unlit he was 
willing to take an oath to espouse the cause of the republicans. He chose the 
latter only to get off from a part of the punishment, for he soon joined the 
British army and was made Lieutenant Colonel. After the fall of Charleston 
Brown was stationed at Augusta, and while commandant at that place retaliated 
upon the Whigs, with a fierceness commensurate with his wrath. He sent out de- 
tachments to burn the dwellings of the patriots in his vicinity and dispatched 
emissaries among the Indians to incite them to murder the inhabitants on the 
frontier. His authority for these atrocities was a letter which Cornwallis had 
sent to the comm.i ,:] the British outposts, ordering that all those who 

had "taken part in the revolt should be punished with the utmost rigor and 
also that those who would not turu out should be imprisoned, and their whole 
property taken from them or destroyed.' Ever) militiaman who had borne 
arms in the King's service, and afterwards joined the Whigs, was to be "im- 
mediately hanged. " Brown fulfilled his order to the letter. Officers, soldiers 
and citizens were brought to the place of execution without being informed why 
they were taken out of prison. The- morning after the receipt of this letter, five 
victims wen taken from the jail by order of Col. Brown, all of whom ex- 
pired on the gibbet. 

llUfGHill Rotnr, was an Irish settler in the district of Ninet\-six, now 
Abbeville where he was commissioned a judge in 177<>. He incurred the dis- 
pleasure of the Whigs in 177.V when be (Unapproved of their proceedings in sua 
taioing the cause of Massachusetts, and ia the adoption of the non-importation 
Mt In the Course of that year he was seized and imprisoned in Charleston. 
His brother. Patrick, assembled a body of friends in order to effect his release. 
The \\ hig< dispatched Major Williamson with a force to prevent the accom- 
plishmeutof their object { but Cunningham's party beinir superior be was com- 
pelled to retreat. A truce or treaty was finally arranged, and both Whigs and 
Tories disp r-. 1 In July ol I . r| Cunningham was allowed his freedom 

without condition, and removed to Charleston. In I18O he was created a 
Brigadier General, and placed in command of a garrison in .Sooth Carolina ; 
hut in 1781 was at the bead of a force in the field, and encountered Sumter. 
His estate was lonliMHtU in 17.-J. After the peace he petitioned to be allow >d 
to continue in South Carolina. His request was refused, and he removed to 
Nassau. New Providence. Tbe British Government made him a liberal allow- 
ance for his tones, and give him an annuity. He diril in 1813, aged sixty-four 
years. 

Note 5. I' 

Robinson Joseph. A native of South Carolina who held a royal commission 
after the capitulation of Charleston. His estate was confiscated. 



[80] 



Note G Pa<;e 12. 

Cunningham William, of South Carolina, was known as "Bloody Bill," and 
there seems no little evidence to show that he deserveilthe appellation. He com- 
manded a band of Tory marauders known as the "Bloody Scout" and for 
awhile iln\ spread terror throughout the region which they infested, embracing 
the Union and Spartanburg districts and also south of the Ennoree. At the 
commencement of the war he was inclined to be a Whig, accepted a military 
commissiun and served in the campaign of 1776. Changing sides, he became 
an officer and a Major in the service of the Crown, and was engaged in many 
desperate exploits and hand to hand fights. The most active opponent of this 
scoundrel was William Beale of Ninety-Six. He formed a scouting party of 
Whigs and they soon became a terror to the Tories. On one occasion Cunning- 
ham and his part; plundered the house of Scale's mother during his absence. 
On his return, Beale went in pursuit, and approaching Cunningham, the latter 
wheeled, and with a pistol shot Bealc's horse dead. On another occasion Cun- 
ningham and his party surrounded a house where Beale and a Whig were stay- 
ing. They heard the approach of the Tories, when rushing to their horses and 
rattling their swords, Beale gave command as if to a troop. It was dark, 
and Cunningham who had thirteen men with him tied in great haste. 

Cunningham's property was confiscated in 1782, and at the close of the war he 
retreated to Florida. 

Colonel Hills, whose name appears in this connection was taken prisoner at 
King's Mountain and was one of the twelve Tories executed after the battle. 

Colonel Pickens, was the father of the late Governor Andrew Pickens and 
grandfather of the present Governor Francis Pickens of South Carolina. 

Note 7. Page 13. 

De Peysteb Abraham, of New York. He was Captain in the New 
York volunteers. At the battle of King's Mountain he was second in 
command, and immediately after the fall of Major Ferguson hoisted a flag as a 
signal of surrender. He was paid off on the morning of this battle, and his 
life was saved by a bullet striking a doubloon in the pocket of his vest. He 
went to St. John, N. B., at the peace, and received half pay. He was treasurer 
of the colony and a Colonel in the militia. He died about 1798. 

The action at Musgrove's Mill, on the Ennoree river, is thus mentioned by 
Lossing : "On the 18th of August, 1780, Col. Williams, (who fell at King's 
Mountain a few weeks after,) with Colonels Sh elby and Clark, attacked quite a 
large body of British, under Colonel Innis and Major Fraser, near Musgrove's 
Mill, upon the Ennoree, in the northeastern corner of Laurens district. Many 
Tories were collected there, and were joined on the seventeenth by Innis and 
Fraser. The whole force was about three hundred strong, and were encamped 
upon the south side of the river, where they commanded a bad rocky ford. The 
Americans, whose force was much less, took post on the north side upon a small 








^ 



i?S/&<' 




91 




[81] 

creek which euipriea into the Ennoree just below the Spartant.urg line, about 
two miles above Musgrore's Mill. It was agreed that Williams should bare the 
thief command. He drew up his little army in ambush, in a semicircle within 
a wood, and then proceeded to entice the enemy across the river. For this pur- 
pose he took a few picked men, appeared at the ford, and fired upon the enemy. 
The stratagem was successful. Innis immediately crossed the ford to dislodge 
the "rebels.'' Williams and his party retreated hotly pursued by Innis until 
within the area of the patriot ambuscade, when a single shot by Colonel Shelby 
gave the signal for attack. With a loud shout the concealed Americans arose, 
and in two minules the Tories were completely surrounded. Colonel Innis was 
slightly wounded, but, with the larger part of his regulars, he escaped. Major 
Frascr wts killed with eighty-five others. Colonel Clary, the commander of the 
militia, escaped, but most of his men were made prisoners. The Americans lost 
four killed and eleven wounded. 

Note 8. P\c.r. 1?.. 

Fercison Major Patrick, was a Scotchman, a son of the eminent jurist. 
James Ferguson, and nephew of Patrick Murray, (Lord Elibank.) He 
entered the army in Flanders at theage of eighteen years. He came to America 
in the spring of 1777, and was active in the battle on the Brandy wine, in Sep- 
tember of that year. He was active on the Hudson in 177!>, and accompanied 
Sir Henry Clinton to South Carolina. He invented an improvement in rifles, 
which was used with much effect. He so distinguished himself at the siege of 
Charleston ID 178b, thai he was particular); mentioned by the commander in 
chief. He was on the high road to military fame when he was slain at King's 
Mountain 7tl\ Oct., 1780 

This defeat over the Royal arms was fetal to Lord Corawallis' first invasion 
of North Carolina. Fanning, it appears, was with M ij. Ferguson on the 2d 
Oct. on Ferguson's retreat from Gilbcrtlown to k'ine s Mountain. 

Col. Williams, whose name is mentioned in Note 7, fell in Ibis battle He was 
a native of Granville county. N. Carolina He moved to S. Carolina in 1773. 
He early espoMsed the patriot cause. After the battle at Musgrove s Mill he 
raised a corps of cavalry in N. Carolina, and returning to S. Carolina, con- 
tinually hovered around Ferguson's camp and winching his movements. He 
was near Major Ferguson, and both officers received their death wounds at the 
same moment. He died on the morning afier the battle, and was buried within 
two miles of the place where he fell. Tradition says his first words after re- 
viving a little, soon after he was shot, were "For God's sake, boys, don't give up 
the hill!'' He hail two sods, Daniel and Joseph, of the ages of fourteen and 
sixteen, in this battle, and both of them escaped unhurt, but were afterwards 
murdered in cold blood by a band of Tories under Robert Cuniugham, who bad 
a personal conflict with their father and mother at the beginning of the revo- 
lution. 



[82] 



Note 9. Page 14. 

His (Cornwnllis) pursuing Gen'l Greene. For nn interesting aeeount of this 
pursuit see the account in "Lossing's Field Book of the Rovolution." 2nd 
volume, page COO to 604. 

Charles, Earl of Pornwallis was born in 1738. In his early career friendly 
to the cause of the colonists ; sent to America, and was in the battle of Brandy" 
wine 1777 ; commanded at Camden, S. C, and defeated Oeh'l Gates in' 1786 ; 
also at Guilford, N. C„ and defeated Gen'l Greene on 15th March, 1781. Surren- 
dered atYorktown with all his army to Washington 19 Oct., 1781. Governor of 
East InrHes in I78G. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1798. Governor-General of 
India in 1804, and died at Ghazcpoore 1805, leaving issue. 

The di'Ftnicl.">i of the Tories under Col'o Pylc- by Col. Lee was complete. 
Carulhcr, in his Revolutionary Incidents, or Ola North State in 177G. (page 
t".l ) slates that Fanning was with I'iles on llii occasion This is an error. 
Funning sa\s himself that "at this time be was at Deep River." 

Note 10. Pace 14. 
■ Guilford. The bailie of Guilford Comt-Hoiif resulted in the defeat of the 
Americans. JCJlbough they had double the number of men commanded by 
Cornwallis, yet they were completely routed ; but the British did not triumph 
greatly over it, for, when the news reached England, Fox moved iu committee 
'That bis .Majesty's Ministers ought immediately to take every possible measure 
for concluding peace with our American Colonies ;'' and in debate he declared, 
"Another such victory will ruin the British army." The loss of the British 
was, in killed and wounded, over six hundred men, besides officers. That of 
the Americaus about four hundred, and eight hundred and lifty of the Va. and 
N. C. Militia deserted. 

Note 11. Pace 18 

Hamilton, JotiN. A native of Scotland. Previous to the Revolution he was, 
for some years, a merchant in the town of Halifax, of much wealth, influence 
and ssgacity. His Regiment was an important portion of Cornwallis' forces in 
the campaigns of 1780 and 1781; audit may be well doubted whether any 
lovnlist in any one of the Provinces served the crown throughout the entire 
period of the contest with equal ability, fidelity and effect. In 1779 his property 
was confiscated. He was for many years after the Revolution the British 
Consul at Norfolk, Va. — See Lectures on Rev. Hist, of A r . C, by Hawks, Swain 
and Graham, pages 131, 132. 

Dudley, Gcilford, mentioned by Fanning on page 17, was born in 1756, 
and resided at Halifax, where he claims to have assisted in raising in 1774 the 
first volunteer company organized in America for the conflict. In 1776 he 
served in the campaign which terminated iu the battle of Moore's Creek. He 
was in the battle of Camden, and bore from Ihe field the gallant Col. Porterfield 



A. The Adyanct effort ,/' tJi<- GmtBuntali 

M'/w brofo the British <i/it<r and. 
a/irrtt artJj /r// book '<■ lhar ortpuud 

position 



>*Vfc5fc. , 



,*W« 




BATTLE OF GUILDFORD 



-til 



Fought on the 1.3 Vol' March iy8i 

Oru English Mi/r . 






■Jfr 

t/iC 



Untish 

Americans 










ifrfil Hon- 









"*5 




I 



, > -■« fit'- 

r. 






•£ 






• , 



. 







■ 

U*fi to 




- * J ♦ : 












■ 






Of f BAT Tl.t 






London PuHitba March i n i;8;. 




zJ?/7nn 



/' 



// _j^/ ///////>///// ( ■>// ') 



I 83} 

mortally wounded. He fought at Hobkirk's Hill, and continued i n the service 
till the autumn of 1781. He married a niece of John Randolph, of Roanoke, 
and his son, Dr. J. B. Dudley, published a volume of the letters of the great 
parliamentarian. For interesting autobiographical notices see papers published 
in the Southern Library Mmctujer, vol. 2, 144. 3U, 281-3:0. by Charles 
Campbell. 

Note 12, ]\\,,i 

Tirner Robert. Sabine only say, of him, that he was of Guilford county, 
N. C, and his property- was confiscated in 1770 

It is no less true lhan curious of the list of names presented br Fanning as 
his coadjutors in his dark and bloody acts, how few died natural 'deaths. The 
antiquarian rcsenrcncs of Gov. SWain, furni,!, the following particulars of their 
history. Pfenning himself narrow the gibbet in 1800 Wr r*p* com- 

mitted in St. John, N. B. 

John- Run, (Major.) was alive in 1 sin in Tennessee, a miller and verv poor. 

Richard Edwards was killed at Kirk s farm a week before the battle of Cane 
Creek. 

Edward Kin urns, his brother, who succeeded to the command, was killed 
the next week at Lind ley's Mills. 

Merdeth Edwards. Thomas Dark, Thomas EiMM and Thomas Rickitts 
were couvi-icl of tre son at Hillsboro in January, 1782, and execnted. 

John Rains, Br., was killed at Lindlo; .- Mill. 

John Caglk, or Eagle, hanged at fee Dec. 

James Rice hanged at sami 

David Jackson banged in the lower end of Randolph. 

Stephvx Wumi, tras shot in April. ITS:, by ( ol. (Hudson on Deep River. 

Jamfs t.iNiit .fv, Simon LiitoleY, were shot in the mountains. 

Thomas Hi air settled on N™ River, built iron works, and became rich 

John HcLtift) I sober John.) who had crmrgi Inricewhen a prisoner, 

60t,M " n lhl Pe Fear, near the Bluff Church, under the protection of 

bis whig friend John Smith. 

Alexander Ml Kay died a rich man in the West Indies. 

("apt. Daniel McNeill went to v 

Col. Pi-wan Ray wen 

Peter Mai.i.ftt. In regard to this gentleman, (who is specially excepted 
with Panning and Samuel Andrews in the net of 1783 of pardon and' oblivion,) 
his autc-hiogrnphy still extant, And other evidence will show that he was the 
victim of prejudice, arising froi in the commissary department to which 

he belonged, lie was a man of intelligence and integrity. 

McDri:Ai.n Am,,. i\, L . ffeSff probably thi McDougal who desired 

Fanning "not to insert in his narrative anything of hut servessas, as he intend- 
ed going baclt to North Carolina to live." It being well known that be went 
to N'ova Scotia, where he regained five or six years, then to London, obtained 



[84 j 



a pension, nnd afterwards returned to North Carolina, where he lived to a good 
old age, raised a respec.tr.ble family, and enjoyed the reputation uf a generous, 
warm-hearted man. 

Note 13 Pace 24. 

druthers gives a graphic account of the attack by Funning on Col. Alston, 
mentioned by him on page 28, in his interesting revolutionary Incidents; and 
the heroic conduct of Alston's wife, by whose solicitations Col. Alston's life and 
that of his men was spared. "The house. " says Dr. Caruthers, "stands now 
just as it did then, with the exception of some add. .ions, and bears all the marks 
of war that it had when leltby Fanning." "Xts, Chalmers now lives in the 
house which was then occupied by Col. Alston. Col. Alston lived only a short 
time after the war, having been killed byaneg.j whom he had treated with 
severity or provoked in some way." "Dr. CliPimers, two or three summers 
ago, travelled through the State of Tennessee, ami became acquainted with the 
sons of Col. Alston." 

Note 14. Page 32. 

Leggett Jobn. Was Captain in Col. Hamilton's Royal North Carolina Regi- 
ment. Ilis property was confiscated in 1779, and purchased by General Har- 
rington, who. though he had beet) grcilly injured by him, generously conveyed 
the land to Legpetl's wife and daughters. Lej'^ett was with Fanning and 
others at St. Augustine in 178.';, but subsequently returned to North Carolina 

Note 15 Page 34. 

McNeil Hfctok In the first military elections after the Royal Government was 
at an end, he received a commission from the Whigs. But in 177G he appeared in 
arms against them, and was taken prisoner and confined in jail; subsequently 
he held the rank of Colonel on the side of the crown, and commanded the 
Scutch forces uuder Fanning, when Gen. Burke was captured on the 12th (or 
according to contemporaneous /-cci/tv/*, the 13th) of September, 1781. He is re- 
presented to have lieen a man of good moral character, and as brave as a lion, 
lie fell at the head of his command a day or two after the capture of Hillsbo- 
rough, at the battle of Cane Creek, pierced by five or six balls. 

Mebaxe. This family is still numerous in Orange, Caswell, Guilford, and 
other counties in North Carolina; and branches of it have prevaded and 
populated the States of Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, Arkansas, Louisiana 
and Texas. It is distinguished for patriotism, integrity and strong common 
sense. The common ancestor was Alexander, who was a native of Ireland, 
and who emigrated to Pennsylvania long before our revolution, where he re- 
mained several years. Hemovedto North Carolina, and settled in the Haw 
fields, in Orange county. He was skillful and persevering in his business, and 
acquired considerable wealth. 

When the Revolution broke out, he, with his sons, took a decided stand for 
liberty, for which the British and tories committed great depredations upon 



!«*] 



his property. Wtwas too old himself tbr servi 
in the serrtce of the country . 

I. Wrr.Li.111 was* Captain of Militia, member of the Senate in 1782, twice 
married, 1st to Miss Abererombie, and 2nd to a danghter of Rev'd Benjamin 
Rainy : no issue by either. 

II. RoBaar, the person alluded to by Fanning, a Colonel in the Continental 
Army, was with Gen 1 Rutherford in 1776, in ''fnowy campaign " against "tin 
Overhill Cherokee*, remarkable for his athletic ami large person, in many bat- 
tles and skirmishes with the British and lories, and distinguished for valour M 
the battle of Cane Creek, where he attncked and defeated Fanning. On his way 
from lh c (.'aii- Fear country be was killed by Henri Highioner, a nole-I lory 
and horse thief. Dr John A. Mebane. of Greensboro, has bis sword, Ukeo from 
a British officer 

HI. Autisots, horn in Pennsylvania, 20th Nov. 1744 active in the cause 
of liberty. Commissary at Hillsboro. when Cornwallis took tin town, and nar- 
rowly escaped on foot, losing a valuable mare, saddle. Iiridle bolsters and pis- 
tols : member of the Convention or Congn-.-s that met at Halifax Per. 1" 
form the Constitution of N. C. and of the Convention nt Hillsboro. that 
rejected the Federal Constitution. Member of House of Commons, in 17R3, 
with some intermissions, till |fM. Elected hy the Legislature Briga- 
dier-General. In 1793. elected a member of Congress, and served in 
Philadelphia. Re-elected to Gbagtess, but died before the session. 5th July. 
Twice married, 1st Mary Armstrong, by whom he had twelve children 
(fcmr sons and eight daughters.) and 2nd Eliiaheth Kinchen. by whom he hsd 
six children, (five sons and one d»uguier.; Of these James Mebane lata of 
Vanceyville, (father of Giles Mehane. Esq.. now of Alamance I the Ural 
President of the Dialectic ■ l,o hive Lis portrait in their hall 

at Chanel Hill, is one William Mehane. late of Mason Hall, (father of Pr 
Alexander W Mehane, late of Bertie county,) was another, and l>r John A. 
Mebane, now of Greensboro, is another. 

IV Johv, late of Chatham, was a Captain in the Revolutionary war, in 
the cause of his rnnntrv. When Fanning took Hitl«Wo, lie was taken with the 
Governor, Thomas Burke. William Kinrnen and otheis. bj Tanning, and carried 
to Wilmington, thence he was takrn to Charleston, long confined there as pris- 
oner, and suffered extremely from the heat, filth and privation. 

Member of legislature with intervals from 1790 to 1811. Married Eliraheth . 
widow of William Kinchen, his lellow-prisoner. A son, John Briggs Mehane was 
in the Legislature in 1813. and a daughter married Thomas Hill, of Roriioe 
ham conntv. 

V. James was an active officer of the Revolution, married Margaret Allen, 
by whom he left a large family. 

VI. Davio, the venngest. was not old enouph to do much service hi the 
war until near the close H» served two tours In the militia. He re. 



tw) 



uresenjed Wran£e cj^uuty .in tbe.Uojiau of Comumns. in ItiUfcl,* and, WjtWB* 
married; 1st Miss Allen, and 2nd Mrs. Young, of Cuflwell. Geo. A- Mel»n*i. 
postmaster and im-i-chant t.f Ma^oi) IlaU.anri u lar^e family of c»ildr*» still 
bear. his name. 

Note 16. Pack 39. - : - . 

• Faxnih.: Edwa«!«. Hnn/iFabl*. ofSorth C.irr.l ••,., \T«s a u:\Ht? of Long 
Island, Sew York, m of (VI. Phineai Patlnlttg. He was .vluvatol a* Tale. Cof- 
lefre, and graduated with honor ir- 17r>7. fie so- * arVrwar** went to Vorfh 
Carolina- and began the protestor. ui' a lawyer Hf JFlillsbor4H«b, then railed 
Cbildshorough. In tT60-the degTc* ofL.T,. Dl \t'* < un'fi-rred npon liim by his 
ntma' mater. ■ In 1763 he wa? appointed Colonel of Orange rotimr and in 17G5 
was'raade elerk- or" the Stipe'rior ' Oonit af Wfflw>oro8§nV Tie also represented 
Orange county in the Colonial Legislature. In < ommon with other crown of- 
ficer?, ho appears to have exacted exorbitant (res %'r legal serT'icVj, and conse- 
quently incurred the dislike of tire people, which 'trite finally manifested' by acts' 
of violence. He aerotripanietl Go-wnor Tryrin '..vNew York lr» T7T1 ai'htl 
secretary. Governor Martin "asked the EegtsU** * to indemnify folonel Fan- 
ning for bis losses; the ■representative'o nf t|*o pTBbjrfe rebutted the (loveraorfot 
^wesenling such a petition. In 1776 Genistal. How e gare Fanning the comrnisi 
sioo of Ooloari, and be raised and commanded a. corps called lite King's Amr*- 
am 'Rtyimnitof thot. Hems afterward* appointed, to the lucrative office tff 
Surveyor-General; which he retained until his flight. With other Loyalists, re 
Nora 8eotr.i in 17B3. In 178S he. wtta raade Oeottiianr-'ttoTertar' of 5ova 
Scotia, and in . liMhaWks appointed Governor of l*ri»ce Jilnuii Island. 
He held the latter oflicc about nineteen years, a part of which time be wis also 
a Brigadier in the British army, having received his commissioa in lttO*. He 
died in Loudon in 1S18. He wis iq no way related t6 IHuiirl Fanning, and 
though a man of more, extensive attainments aad Imposing ad,dw**> had lesa 
ability thau his bold bad. namesake. 

. 
Note 17. Page 39. 

Klsg's Americans. This is the body .of soM.ie.js alluded, to in U>« piectdiag 
note as the "King's American Regiment of Foot,'' of Lossing/s, b>W book, an4. 
as the "Associated Refugees, or King's American. Regiment*" of Sabine's Loy" 
alists. The "letter". mentioned in the text Wrme «f the ominous WEiktioned, 10 
thejjreface. 

Not* 18. PAOB42.. '- ■• 

JACKSON 1).»yib. CJaptaio of a corps t>( ' Loyalists j was Wket* prisoner >»' 

Colonel Caswell at Moore's Creek in 1776. 

.-.■..■ . . .■...• 

Note 19. Page SJi 

"Hand aku Abu." Governor Mattin'a proclamation- of Ure 2iMh a* Becember 
ucecading, (jmge.42,) concladie*, "Give*' iw»de« >«.v Wml a—i- of -utrmt at" 







f " W 



GENERAL KDMT T \P FAXMMi. 




m Moisrw/' 



^^f-W>^ 






[»*}. 




Halifax. Fanning, in imitxutia •*'«!« l^weriwr, either through ignorance 
otioJeafion, nts, "girta tuadcr «nv Li*J and arm as afonsaad. 



"There was.' The word "no" i» ,ev idently , omitted here, as Col. Balfour 
certainly meant to say ''There was no restiop place for a Tory's loot uiion the 

far*. 

Balfoir Andrew, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, of rcspectabU 
He arrived in America in 17T2, andseMjedalXewpurt. Rhode Island. In 1777 he 
went to Charleston, South (.ir.imi, 31K • makinp salt. He rvujavcd 

to Salisbury, Xortfi Carolina A or ouiiuned lands it 

cloiph comity . He was a member of the Legislator* from this county iu . 
Such was his activity in the cause of hie adopted country, lli:it he was taken 
prisoner in the fall of this yea ird, father of the Hon 

August 10* H. Shepsrd, by a parti of Tones under the ooatrruuid »f Col. tuulson 
Wbau carij iug tuein as prisoners to Cneraw they were released •> Captain 
Cbilds. from Monifeaiciy cuuniv. lie returned to bL, In. roe >l>i his bbus* 
was attacked by Fanning, and he was cruelly mat Fanning, bis daughter 

and sister clinging to him in March, 1782. Hiswidow, 

who ant M North CaroTiai after hs death, was match respected , 

and held the office of Fost Master nt Salisbury until 1815, aiscaarging iat d«1i*» 
with great fid' ,t; and lary lirnly, 

and had nine > liildrfti, fin -ons and fm ■ chom removed to 

la* •*•! sairvpt \r>» Klixi Prakr ni*. of O'. Drakf rgrrter 

Tibliy married John Troy, wn" hsd three i+'Mren -tr Tror, nenr of 

Randolph eo. Margaret a county in I si:t, and Rachel, who 

married Lew is He> ilurd nd remaining child, Mar- 

garet, married II. (Utters, one of 

whom man 

I 21. P*ii 

Sir ' afterwards Lord Dor- 

c&aatar, was U'atf «a >nrt «»-iaater aitae storming o+Qlahor.Taa 1 'waW apaaiurV d 
a Major in the British arm* in 1772 In 1774 he *»!» censttTr'teft Oataintl^a.' 



oral and Governor of 
British at (Jnehi c when 
cans to raise the seige In 177': 
he recapture! Crown l'oint. 

He w. 
and was in cotum ind of the 1 
the2r.th of ' 
rears. 



fully commanded the 

(impelled the Ameri- 

'" the province. In OctabaT 

in military command 

I linton in 1782, 

■ 

H< died in Knglsnd at the <!.-' : . ■ 













Notk 22. Page 65. 

Colonel Ballinoall, was in commission under the crown in South Carolina 

after the surrender of Charleston, in 1780. He was an addresser of Sir Henry 

Clinton in 1780, and willing to take up arms in hchalf of the Crown. 

. 
Notk 23. Page 65. ' 

Williams Robert, was banished and attainted end his estate confiscated, in 
1785. 

Note 24. Page 65 
Gailliabd John. John and Theodore Gailliard were both members of the Pro- 
vincial Congress of North Carolina in 1775, when they were probably Whiga, 
In 1780, they held commission under the crown. 

Note 25. Page 65. 
Greenwood, Major Wm., of Charleston South Carolina, was an addrcsseTof 
Sir Henry Clinton, in 1780. and a petitioner to be armed on the side of the 
crown. He was banished and his property confiscated in 1782. 

Note 20. Page 05. 
Caper Major Gabriel, was. a eonspiciouF member of the Provincial Congress 
of South Carolina, in 1775. 

Note 27. Page 65. 

nor-TON John, a merchant of Charleston; His roperty was confiscated for, 
which lie was partially leuiunenited. He died in 1831 

Note 28. Page 05 

Millar Andrew, a respectable S<utih merchant in Halifax. ITc was a friend 
and correspondent of Governor Burke before the revolution. Several letters of 
his are in the archives of the Historical Society of the University of North Caro* 
Una. His property was confiscated in 1779. 

Note 29. - 
Carson Wm. of South Carolina, went to London during the war and signed 
an address to the King in 1779. 




V // / 

Vyy/ /(/ ///'//( (ftilO/t 



^\\r& 1MB bvT.RnBB.^.IitJSe^nrtSU.ang.AJTe. 



INDEX 



ALSTON. Philip, 29, 48, (note 13.) 
Autrey. Al.s., 21. 
Andrews, Samuel, 24, 

(Specialty excepted in act ofoMi- 
vion,) 74. 

BALFlim, Col., 1", 18, 30, 

killed 
I for sketch of, see note 20.) 
Bancroft, (Ifo., iv. 
Bliss. IVrler ( .. xiv. 
Brown. Thomas, 2. 
Big Onne Break. 3. 
Burns. John. .".. 48. 
Brown. Samuel 

l>anicl, 21. 
Wm.,22 
Bird, Bich'd, 20. 
Burke. (Jnv'r, (taken by Faunii 

35. 
Bullcr, Gen I, 35 :*'■. 1 
Bryan, Cnpt. John, (1 

heroism, 53.) 
BalUnejill Col , 68, (see noki 
Brvan. Sani'l, M. 
Baron. 1 >r 
Blair. Thonins, (see note 

CUNNINGHAM, William, vii, 12, 

for biograpbj of, sec note ft. 

RoWt, 2, 12, 
for biography of, see note 4. 
Cherokee Indians, 3, 4. 
Pornwiillis. T..<i .1, 13, 14, 15, 

for sketch of, see note » 



Chatham Court House, 15, 
Cross Creek, (now Karcttrvit ■ 
Coxes Mill, 16, »>. 
Collier, Ool., IT. 
Craig j 

Currie. Jo?., 21. -13. 44, I'.. 52. 
William, 21. (marriocl. 



(agio, or Cayli 1 51 

note 12 
Win., 31. 

Creak, battle of, 35. 
Caniphell, Charles, 

Alexander; 67 

■use linrnt. , 13. 
Claik, A. 

ton, Cape, 

Capcrt '.. note M. 

Champnisa, John 

»ll, Rich d, \tt. 
Carle!. . 21. 



DARK, Thomas, 21, see hot* 1?. 

hiicI, 21 . 
Depyster, i 

1 ". 1 5 
Duck, Cnpt . 14. 

Dixon's Mill, on ( l;.. 

Pudly,- Col.. IT, IB, fe« 

see note 11. 
Donnelly, Thos., 20. 
Deaton, Wm., 21 . 
Dunn, Wm 
Drowning Creek, battle of. 38. 



LUiW'on. .Mines, 39. 

Dugen, Maj., 54, (letter from 57.) 

Dupont, Col., 65. 

Dawkins, Geo., 67. 

Dundas, Thos., 73. ^. ,__ 

ELLWOOD, Wm., 18. 
Ellett, James. 21. 
Tlios., 21. 
Erwin, John, 21. 
Edwards, Bich'd, 22. 
Mciiday, 22, 
Inn./, see note 12 
..tell!. 
Estviek, 'i 
Ivl..-hill, Thumn.. [ 

Eastridge, Thos., see note 12. 

FAWNING, Uavid, vi, vii, 

14, I g5| ,1 ; 1. ■ r ;>sim. 

William, 22, 

Hun. Edmoud, sccuote 16. 
Fletchall, Thomas, l. 2, 3, 

biography and letter uf, see note 1. 
Pair, Cap1 , l«. 
Ferguson, Patrick, 13, 23, 

fur biographj a£ sa? nq{e a. 
Fincannon, Wm., 20. 
Fait&rest, see note l. 

GILLIAN, Capt., 8. 

Greene, Gen' I, 14. 
Gutterell, Col., 
Gbolston, Wm., ('apt., 50, 

house burnt, 43. 
Griffith, Major, Roger, h-tter from, M. 
Guin, Edward, Capt., letter of 58j 
Galliard, John. 05, see note 24. 

Greenwood, Wm., G5, note 25. 
Gray, Col., G:>. 

HAMILTON, Col. John, 14, Is, 65, 

«7, 66. (J'ur sketch sec Hole 11.1 



iin_'>. Julin^S. 
Hesdrick's Mill, 3. 
Hinds, Capt. John, 16. 
Hillis, Wm., 21. 

duusucker. Wm., 21. 
odSerJwm , 21,37, 
married 59, and shot. 
Holloway, Stephi i 

Hancock. Win, 22. 
dodge, Jos.. 22. | 

Hinds, Capt., 40. 

Hunter, Amln-u , , >cipc „f, with Fan- 
ning* mare, 82. 

letter from, G3. 

refused five no- rues fur the man •"-'- 
Hopton, John, 6b, note 27. 
Hunter, Peter, To 



INNIS, Col., 13. 






Isaacs, Col. 41, 42, 43. , , . 

Inglis, Thos., 65. 

itifl 
JACKSON, David, 42, hung, 54, see 

notes 12, 18. 

Johnston, Rob't, 05. 

James, 65... 

'lofl 
KING, Wm., 21. 
Kendrick, Martin. 22. 
Knuwlcs, Maj., rebel, killed, 37 
Knight, ('apt., 37'. 
Kennedy Capt., taken liy Fanning. 4u. 

LATHAM, Cornelius, 20. 
Lindley, James, 1, see nut. 12. 

Win., 21. 
Little River, 3. 
Lee, Cul , 14. 

Leggett, Capt., 32, 67, 71, note 14. 
Lindly's Mill, on Cane Creek, 

battle of, 35. 
Luttrell, Cul., killed at battle of Cane 

Or-ck. ::,. 



Undl.r, C . i I • | 

l-Of.p. I:i,.t .. |0. ..I0*T 

Morphj, Judfe, u. 
McBride, Arch., Hon.. w. 
McDou ..1.1 .\, 34| ^^ 

Mill?. Col., r, tee noti 
Mnagrove'e Mill, l.i^ 

'"""• '7. 

McPhersoo, Wm 
McDowell, Thomas, 22. 
IMiu.A..- . . 
Martin, MurcWl 
Mrl.,m,|. Wm., 22, 

AU-.x . 
McKnight, Wm., 22. 
Mrl'.ilK- Mill, 3J 
McNea], II, ^ 

ote 16. 

M.lir. ,,, jn 

Malcolm, an. 

M'lai.r, Etobl . mi I'nnf Crack i.atiio, 
m note I:.. 

William, set- note 15. 

AN.xamler, see note K, 

■ note 1 5 

not< IS 
McCraw, Uex., 
Mi Donald, Dan'l, 
Martin, Goi r, proclamation of 41. 

S i 
Millar, Andrew, 65, m 

Mclnnis, 

Mall, ii, Peter, 7 1, note 12. 
d, John, note 12. 

NINETY-SIX, Kort. 2, 3, 5. 1, 9, i 
Nelson, lb m, M 
Hist, Rent 



[M] 



l> VK U., Hugh 

:;■ 

PARIS, or l':„i.J,, Ri,ir,! .. , 
13. 

s plantation, •). 
Pickens, Col., 12, see bole 6, 

I ■■ 

Price, w i. . i 

Phillip - 






Col. 
Powell. Rol 



RABI anchor 

I 

i 



Uacd.i 

I . 1 






Robi : 

, William, 1 1 45, Ifi 

Roberts -. 68. 

Ri-kel 



[92] 



Rice, James, note 12. 
Ray, Duncan, note 12. 

S1LVED00R, Rev'd Mr., 1, 

(Salvador, see note 1. i 
Smith, Capt., 5. 

Samuel, 6. 
Salisbury, 8. 
Spiuks, John, 20. 
Shields, Benj , 21. 

Reuben, 22. 
Smith, Fred., 21. 
Adam, 21. 
Smally, Abner, 22, 51. 
Slingsby, Col., 32, 33. 
Stinsou, Capt.. -J 2. 
Starkcy, E., speaker of house of com- 

mons, i3. 



TORK, (.'apt. John, 5, 6 
Tiger River, C. 
Turner, Rob't, 21. 
Thompson, a Rebel, taken 
niug. 44 






Thorn} son, Balaam, 49. 
Tcnnents, Rev'd Win., note I. 

VE1TTS, Rer'd Roger, xvi. 

Walker, Stephen, 21, 44, 45, 62, 

see note 12. 
Williams, Col., vii, 12, 13. 
Williamson, Sen"!, 12. 
Wollaston, Ebenczer, 20, 36. 
Wade, Col., 32. 
Watson, John, 39. 

Williams, Jas., 44,45, 46, 48, 49, 58. 
Williams, Capt., 55. 
Wilson, Jos., ft. 

Williams, Edw'd, letter to Fanning, 
63 
Rob't, 65, see note 23. 
Wells, Dr. Wm, Charles, 
Whiteley, Moses, 6?. 
Whisunpunt, Philip, 68. 
Williams, Col., see note 8 



Rebel, 



by Fan- 









- 

EREATA. 

To present a truthful portraiture of the man and the times, it was proper to 
print his Journal precisely as he wrote it himself. The orthography is not less 
faulty in the use of proper names than in general words. A few corrections 
may he proper to identify the persons to whom he refers. 

On page 13, 5th line, Musgrovi .Mills should be Musgrove. 

On page 26 Forgesson should be Ferguson. 

On page 18, 16th line, Elwood should be Elrod. -Col. Elrod's humanity ren- 
dered him obnoxious to Fanning. — See Caruthers Old North Stole, vol. 1, 175. 

On page 37, 3d line, Col. Guttereil should be Luttrell. 

Un page 63, 25th line, Garner should be Oainey,a famous tory leader in S. C, 

On page 73, 32d line, Starke should be Starkey. 

The reader will readily correct the following : 

Un page xi L. D. Swain should be printed D. L. 

On page xiv, for provinces read province. 

On page 22 Maunep should be Mauney. 

On pages 5 and 6 Tork should be York. 

On page C3 Whisunpunt should Be Wbisenhunt. 



$4v 



wmm 



mm 

, . If ... in 






»A. 









tk 



mm*